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☆这里---上接自学版

1 存在句:在某处存在物。现在时*基本公式:There+be+表(名词)*be变is,are=现在时

 There is a big balloon[bэ`lu:n]气球above上方the tall tree.
 There's no TV.没有电视.*no->后跟单数/复数/可数/不可数
 Are there any flowers in the garden? 有许多花在花园里吗?
 Yes,there are.No,there aren't.
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典型例句: There's the green man.有绿色的人.*指交通信号灯。
There goes the bell.铃响了。*非be存在句→综合理解
 There are six people in our office.我们办公室有6个人.
 There's not much point in telling the same story again.
 把这个故事再讲1遍没有多大意义。*point意义

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-->>中/英转化法:

 中 When there is the green man?何时有绿色的人?*指交通信号灯。
 When is there the green man? /成功转化.

*请做中/转化练习: There are有how many多少things东西 on在 the这 list目录上?

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2 存在句>>过去时*基本公式:There+be+表(名词)*be变was,were=过去时

There were many people waiting for the train on the platform.站台上有许多人在等火车。
There weren't many options[`)p∫эn] open to him.他没有太多地选择余地。
Were there a lot of/lots of questions after the lecture?讲演之后有很多问题吗?
*口语中much/many用a lot of/lots of(非正式)来代替.*lecture[`lekt∫э]
Yes,there were.No,there weren't.

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典型例句:There was an old woman.曾有1个老夫人。
There were some 400 demonstrators.大约有400名示威者.*[`demэnstreitэ]示威者

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--
>>中/英转化法:
中 Where there were many people? 哪儿有许多人?
Where were there many people? /成功转化.
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*请做中/转化练习:Where there was an old woman?哪儿曾有个老夫人?
 答案Where was there an old woman?

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1 占有句:主语占有

现在时
*基本公式:主+have+宾(名)*have,has=现在时/谓语 *有got=英式

 I've got a temporary[`tempэreri] job.我有1份临时性的工作。
 We haven't got any damages[`d*mid3].我们没有得到任何赔偿金。*有got=英式
 Has anyone got any smokes?哪位有烟?
 Yes,I have. No,I've got.

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典型例句: I have got a new job.我有了1份新工作。
 I haven't got a lot of patience with hypochondriacs
 我对忧郁症患者可没有多大耐心!*[`peiэns]耐心*[,haipou`kэndri*k]忧郁症患者
 *a lot of/lots of在否定句中=强调或否认。*plenty of在否定句中却很少见.
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例句合成 问:Do you have any new diaries? 答:We've got none at the moment.
 你有没有新的日记本? 我们眼下1本也没有了.*diary[`daiэri]日记/日记本

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 Don't worry,We've got plenty of time before the train leaves.
 别担心,火车启动前我们还有很多时间。* 动态句+占有句+动态句

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[典型短文1]

 The three girls collect photos of film stars. Mary hasn't many photos,but Jane has more.Jane has more photos than Mary. Caroline has very many.She has the most.
 这3个女孩子搜集影星的照片。玛丽的照片不多,但是简要多一些。简的照片比玛丽的多。卡罗琳有很多照片,她的照片最多。*第一句=动态句

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[典型短文2]

 Last week the three girls bought expensive dresses. Caroline's dress was more expensive than Jane's. Mary's was more expensive than Caroline's Mary's dress was the most expensive.
 上周这3个女孩子买了很昂贵的连衣裙。卡罗琳的连衣裙比简的贵,玛丽的又比卡罗琳的贵。玛丽的连衣裙是最贵的。*第一句=动态句

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-->>中/英转化法:

 Who has got a new job?谁有了1份新工作?=>>不用转化.
 He when has got a job in New York? 他何时在纽约找到了1份工作?
 When has he got a job in New York?/成功转化.

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*请做中/转化练习:

 Who has got a new job in New York?谁在纽约找到了1份工作?=>>不用转化.
 He where has got a job?他在哪儿找到了1份工作? 答案 Where has he got a job?

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2 占有句>>过去时*基本公式:主+had+宾(名)*have变had=过去时*有did时,had还原have

 It had two wings.它有1对翅膀。
 He had nothing to live for.他没有了生活的目标。
 Did you have a wasteful[`weistэfl] wife?你有1个挥霍无度的妻子吗?
 Yes,I did.No,I didn't.是的,有.不,没有。

典型例句 You had nothing to live for.你没有了生活的目标.

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-->>中/英转化法:基础理论:疑问词或疑问词组必须写在句首,其后必须跟动词。
Who had nothing to live for? 谁没有了生活的目标?=>>不用转化.
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3 占有句>>将来时*基本公式:主+will+have+宾(名)

 I can have my peace of mind. 我的耳根就要清净了。
 I can't have my peace of mind. 我的耳根不会有清净。
 Can you have your peace of mind? 你的耳根就要清净了吗?
 Yes,I will. No,I can't.是的,将会.不,不能有。

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典型例句:May I have your views[vju:z]看法on the question?

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-->>中/英转化法:

 Who has got a new job?谁有了1份新工作?=>>不用转化.
 He when has got a job in New York? 他何时在纽约找到了1份工作?
 When has he got a job in New York?/成功转化.

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*请做中/转化练习 Who may have a problem? 谁有问题呢?=>>不用转化.

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1 动态句:写主语现在时*基本公式:主+谓+宾

 肯 I love her nutty狂热的behaviour行为方式. 我倒喜欢她那股疯劲儿。
 My friends never come to visit me.  我的朋友们从来不来看我。
 疑 Do you love her nutty狂热的behaviour行为方式? 你喜欢她那股疯劲儿吗?
 Yes,I do.No,I don't.

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典型例句:I rarely listen to the radio.我很少听收音机。

 Not many people know about Delia's past.
 没有多少人知道迪莉娅的过去。*not much/not many可用做主语或主语的一部分.

 I think you're right.我认为你是对的.*动态句+描写句

 *he,she,it作主语时,动词+s,有does时,动词要还原(因为-s已经转移给了do)。

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 He loves sailing.  他喜欢帆船运动。
 He doesn't love sailing. 他不喜欢帆船运动。
 Does he loves sailing. 他喜欢帆船运动吗?
 Yes,he does. No,he doesn't.

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典型例句:He rarely gets up before 10 o'clock.他极少在10点以前起床.*[`reэli]难得adv.
 He affects old furniture and china.他喜欢古老的家具和瓷器。*[э`fekt]喜欢/影响/假装
 She always buys flour,sugar and tea at the grocer's.
 她总是在食品店买面粉,糖和茶叶。

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 He collects his salary at the end of each month.
 他每个月末领取他的工资。

 The newsagent delivers our papers every morning.*[di`livэ]投递
 每天上午送报人来送我们的报纸。*newsagent[`nju:z,eid3эnt]报刊经销商

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 She stamps his foot.她跺她的脚.*she作主语时后面的动词+s/es
 It washes the potatoes.它冲洗照片.*it作主语时后面的动词+s/es,名词+s/es=复数

 I think this book is good. 我认为这本书好。*动态句+描写句
 I think he's got them already.我认为他已经有了它们。*动态句+占有句 *'s=has
 I think line A is longer than line B.我认为线段A是比较长的比线段B.*动+
 I don't think it's windy in New York now.我不认为现在纽约是风天.*动+

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例句合成:

I never work on Sumdays,'he said."我星期日从不工作"他说。 *直接引语:+
He says that he never works on Sundays.他说他星期日从不工作.*间接引语:+从句虚拟

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典型短文1:
 I always leave home at 8 o'clock. I begin to work at 9 o'clock. I work all day and often get home late at night. 我总是8点钟离家,9点开始工作。我工作一整天,常常是晚上很晚才到家。

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典型短文2:
 The living room is next to the study.I often read in the study when I want peace and quiet.起居室在书房的隔壁,当我们需要安静时我常在书房里看书。*第1句=判断句

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典型短文3:

Many tourists come here in summer. They usually come in July and in August. It is very quiet here in winter. The hotels are often empty in January,February and in March.许多旅游者夏天到达这里来.他们常在7,8月来.冬天这里很安静.1,2,3月份酒店常常是空的.*第3,4句=描写句

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-->>中/英转化法:
 Who usually uses it?=>>不用转化.<句子符合上面2个必须>
 中:He他loves爱who?*无be动词时借do操作,动词要还原(-s已经转移给了do)。
 :Who does he love/成功转化.

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*请做中/转化练习:
 What causes a flood?什么原因引起1场洪水?=
 Which哪些of the following come from trees?=>>不用转化.

 This belongs where?这个应该在什么地方?
 答案 Where does this belong?=Where is it kept?

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 You like most which part of the book?你最喜欢本书的哪部分?
 答案
Which part of the book do you like most?

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 You why don't love dogs?你为什么不喜欢狗?*don't=助动词
 答案
Why don't you love dogs? *don't=助动词

 They speak what language there?他们在那里说什么语言?
 答案What language do they speak there?

 It takes you how long to get to school?路程花费你多长时间到达学校
 *V要还原,-s转移给does.*有do也要借do,动词要还原(-s转移给does)。

 This conversation对话takes place发生where?
 答案
Where does this conversation take place?

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