赵氏52英语网www.w52w.com 判断句\现在时

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1判断句\现在时 公式:主n+系v+表n *v=be=am is are
定义:判断事物是什么的句子。主n=表n(表语解释主语) 肯\否\疑\答\特\感\选\反

He is Tom. 他叫Tom.(英文=中文)
He isn't Tom.他不叫Tom.(isn't = is not)
Is he Tom? 他叫Tom吗?(动词引导否则不许+?=半问形式)
Yes,he is. 是的,他叫.(半问/半答:Yes引导)
No,he isn't. 不,他不叫.(半问/半答:No引导)
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常用句:
This letter is for you.这封信是你的.
It's time to leave.=It's time for us to leave.我们该走了。
It's 20 miles
to London.伦敦有20英里。
It's 20 miles
from London.伦敦有20英里。
Mary is (the) captain of the tennis team.
玛丽是网球队的队长.*此人是唯一时,可省略
the.
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Dogs are man's best friends. 狗是人类的好朋友.*表类指时,有3种形式 如:
A dog is man's best friend.  狗是人类的好朋友.
The dog is man's best friend.狗是人类的好朋友.

Here it is.它在这儿。*当非代词作主语时,请你用倒装形式 如:
Here are the others!其余的在这里。
Here's your lighter.这是你的打火机.
It's ten o'clock and here's the news.现在是10点种,新闻广播开始了。
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2判断句\现在时 特问形式[中/英转化法]

2个必须:疑问词/疑问词组"必须"置于句首.疑问词/疑问词组后面"必须"有动词

中式英语→You are who? *按照中文写:你是谁呀?中=英操作2个必须↓
正式英语→Who are you?你是谁呀? *语序倒置:句子必须有动词,中/成功转化

*根据2个必须:who是疑问词必须置于句首,同中文主语你(you)冲突,用be动词(are)解开冲突。
*中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确
*根据2个必须:who是疑问词已经在句首,后面有动词随后,符合上面2个必须↓

Who is Tom?谁叫Tom?(英文=中文)
全答He is Tom.他叫Tom.(全问/全答/疑问词:引导)
特/中He is who?*按照中文方式首先写出该句如:他是谁呀?中=英操作→2个必须↓
Who is he?他是谁?→语序倒置.中/成功转化

*根据2个必须 who是疑问词必须置于句首,同主语he冲突,用be动词(is)解开冲突。

He is whose teacher?*whose teacher=疑问词组,前置句首,is解冲突。
Whose teacher is he?他是谁的老师?→语序倒置.中/成功转化
He is what?*what前置, is解冲突。
What is he?他做什么的?(问职业)→语序倒置.中/成功转化
This is whose?*whose前置, is解冲突。
Whose is this?这是谁的?→语序倒置./成功转化`
This is what?*what前置, is解冲突。
What is this?这是什么?→语序倒置。/成功转化
I am what?*what前置,am解冲突。
What am I?我是做什么的?(问职业)→语序倒置./成功转化
I am where?*where前置,am解冲突。
Where am I?我在哪儿?(迷路时问)→语序倒置。/成功转化

*根据2个必须:which book是疑问词组已经在句首,后面有动词随后,符合上面2个必须↓

中 Which book is yours?哪本是你的书?→(=)
英 Which book is yours?哪本是你的书?→(=)/成功转化
中 Who is Tom?谁是Tom?→(=)
英 Who is Tom?谁是Tom?→(=)/成功转化
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3
判断句\现在时
感叹形式[1]

[规则]感叹词组"必须"置于句首,其后"必须"跟主语。
what引导名词感叹词组,其它由how引导.
中=英↓用此方法翻译英文句子准确*按照中文方式写出该句子再操作"2个必须"如:

感中 He is what a clever boy!他是一名多么聪明的男孩啊
英 What a clever boy he is!
 What a clever boy=感叹词组前置句首+主句,中/成功转化
感中They are what strange feelings!
*What strange feelings=感叹词组前置句首+主句
英 What strange feelings they are!他们是多么奇怪的想法啊!/成功转化.

感叹形式[2]--省略感叹
What an interesting story!
多么有趣的故事呀!*what a lot ...!亦可用来表示感叹 如:
What a lot of flowers!这么多花呀
What a lot of trouble!这么多麻烦

感叹形式[3]--扩张感叹
That child is such a pest!
那个孩子真让人讨厌!*在such后面用a/an以强调程度 再如:
My boss is such an idiot!我的老板真是个傻瓜!
Isn't it a shame!真不象话!*shame耻辱 *参考:It's a shame.真遗憾。
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4判断句\现在时 选问公式:一般疑问+ "or"
选 Is he Tom or Jack?他叫Tom还是叫Jack?
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5判断句\现在时 反问公式:肯定形式+一般疑问
反 He is Tom,isn't he? 他叫Tom,不是吗?
He isn't Tom,is he? 他不叫Tom,是吗
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常用句:All this exercise makes you hungry, doesn't it?
所有这些锻炼使得你饥饿,不对吗?
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6判断句\现在时 典型例句→建议入门者暂不阅读 ↓

It's a lovely baby.Is it a boy or a girl?
宝宝真可爱。是男孩还是女孩?*并列关系 *it=人

It's my liver,Doctor.是我的(有病),大夫
The lift is out of order.=Lift out of order.
电梯有故障.*直译:电梯是命令外.*be=是/在/有

Michael's at lunch.迈克尔正在吃午饭。*be at 转译:正在.../某处
Mr and Mrs Jackson are here to see you。
杰克逊先生和夫人来这儿看你了.*be here转译:来这

Honesty is the best policy.诚实是上策
A king is the ruler of a country.国王是一个国家的统治者.*the=确定 *a/an=不确定
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My sister-in-law's mother is a teacher。我嫂子的母亲是一位教师。
My sister-in-law's neighbour's mother is a teacher.
我嫂子的邻居的
母亲是一位教师。

Fish and chips is Mary's favourite dish.
鱼和薯条是Mary最爱吃的东西。*--的+favourite

I'm a guest at the Tom's. 我是Tom家的客人。
It's each/every man for himself in this business.
在这个行业中每个人都为他自己。

It's a kind of rose.这是1类玫瑰。*a kind/sort/type of =并列定语
=It's a sort of rose. =It's a type of rose.

My children are in bed with mumps.
我的孩子们得了腮腺炎,躺在床上.*疾病复数mumps不+冠词.

Isn't Tom a friend of yours?
Tom不是你的1位朋友吗?*a...of yours=间隔定语

(The)One is a painter and the other is a composer.
这1位是画家,而
另1是作曲家.*并列关系

The first is a painter and the second is a composer.
第1个是画家,而第2个是作曲家.*并列关系

The former is a painter and the latter is a composer.
前者是画家,而后者是作曲家.*并列关系

It's a shame that Tom isn't here.
汤姆不在这儿,真遗憾。*that引导的主语从句后移作shame的表语

=That Tom isn't here is a shame.
*that引导的主语从句=判断句
=it(判断句中含判断句)

Beans and peas are good value.The former/The latter are cheap.
*the former/the latter能跟are.
菜豆和豌豆都很有营养.前者/后者很便宜.

English is a difficult language to learn well.
英语是一种很难学得好的语言
*表语扩张→to引导的不定式短语修饰表语language.
*to leart well=要学好 **to=虚拟主语

*The man who lives next door is a teacher.
*主语扩张 **who引导的定语从句修饰主语the man.
住在隔壁的人是1位教师.(判断句中含动态句→进行时)

*The people who work next door are teachers.
*主语扩张**who引导的定语从句修饰the people.
在隔壁工作的那些人是教师.(判断句中含动态句→现在时)

An architect is a person who designs buildings.
建筑师是搞建筑设计的人。(中含→现)
*表语扩张→who引导的定语从句修饰表语the person.*[`a:kitekt]*[di`zain]

Digging up the road is hungry work.掘路是容易使人饥饿的工作.
*现在分词短语=主语扩张
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7赵氏52英语要点
1.疑问词或疑问词组必须置于句首,疑问词或疑问词组后面必须跟动词.中/英能转化
2.判断句肯定形式 动词 前 = 后(否则不是判断句,必记!)
如:They are boys. They = boys.他们是男孩。男孩+s = boys(复数)
3.whathow 译为“多么”,引导感叹句。感叹词组最后一个词为名词时,
用what引导。其他由 how引导,感叹词前置句首,必记
4.感叹形式中,感叹词组必须置于句首,其后跟主语,不跟动词。中/英 能成功转化
5.be=将来be/现在am is are/过去was were/完成been/进行being
6.肯定形式中的现在时或过去时,句中只有一个动词,其他时态则有2个动词或更多.勿忘!
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8赵氏52英语基本功训
1.字母:Aa [ei] Be [bi:] Cc[si:]
2.音标:[i] [i:] [u] [u:]
3.单词:hen [hen] 母鸡 pen [pen] 钢笔 ten [ten] 十 den [den] 兽穴
4.读音:w [w(喔)] h[ ]不发音 如:when [wen] 何时
说明:
1.en联想记单词法→hen [hen] 母鸡 pen [pen] 钢笔 ten [ten]
2.有的字母不发音如:h[ ]不发音 如:when [wen] 何时
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9判断句\现在时 特例形式
Why aren't I on the list?为什么我不在名单上?
中式:I why am not on the list?
*问句中的缩略形式不是amn't而是aren't,特别是在英国英语中。
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