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第1课 问与答 口语陪练

定义 口译的表述以不误解为标准。
规则 易简勿繁

1.Yes?什么事?真的吗?2.Yes or no?行还是不行

3.Coffee?要咖啡吗

4.Yes,please.要。5.Yes,of course.当然可以

6.Yes,indeed.真的

7.Er,yes.恩,是的。8.Gracious me!哎呀!

9.Good gracious!真的.天哪

10.Welcome.欢迎。11.No,far from it.一点也不(远非如此)。

12.Or else!不的话(要不然)!
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13.Dear me!天哪(哇塞)!14.What(多么)a mess!太乱了!

15.I fear so.我担心会要

16.No matter.没关系。17.Neither did I.我也没想到

18.No,think.不要,谢谢

19.Good gracious,yes!天哪,真是的(是啊)!

20.You are welcome.不客气。

21.Don't mention it.不必客气(不足挂齿)。

22.I'm married.我是已婚的。

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23.Yes,I suppose so.我猜想是那样。24.No,not yet.还没有。

25.What of it?那又怎么样呢(那有什么关系)?

26.Yes,monsieur(绅士).是的,先生。*=Mr=Sir.

27.Yes,my sweet.是的,我亲爱的。28.She nodded yes.他点头同意

29.Waiter!服务员!Yes,madam.好的,女士。

30.No,on purpose.不是故意的

31.No,more's the pity!真倒霉(不,更多的是遗憾)。

32.Yes,and beat him.是的,还打了他。

33.Did he,indeed.他做了,真的? 34.A yea man.一个唯唯诺诺的人

35.Are you going? 你要走吗?

36.Don't always yes.不要一味附和。(不要总是yes)

37.Yes,go ahead.可以,开始吧(好,往前走\去吧)。

38.Yes,I promise.是的,我答应

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39.Oh,yes,gladly.哦,当然愿意。

40.Oh,yes,I will.哦,我当然愿意(哦,好的我会)。

41.Yes,with pleasure.可以,很愿意(好,有乐趣)。

42.Be a dear and fix it.请帮忙修一下它(做个好人and 修复它)。

43.Excuse me.=Pardon me.对不起

44.Exactly,my dear.每错,亲爱的。

45.How is everything?一切都好吗

46.I am still single.我仍是单身。

47.Shall we go now? 现在可以走了吗

48.To my shame羞愧.真不好意思

49.Definitely[`definitli]not.肯定不。

50.Loads![loudz].有的是!*plenty大量许多

51.Don't make such a din喧闹声.别吵啦!

52.If you insist坚持。你若坚持的话

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53.Yes if I can.好的,如果我能。

54.Get in the house.进屋里去吧
55.No,not unless you pay me.不,除非(not unless)你付我工钱.

56.More or less!差不多吧!(或多或少地)

57.Why or why not?为什么?为什么不?

58.Soon learnt,soon forgotten.学得快,忘得快。
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口语感叹形式30句代词作主语时主谓不倒装

1.In you go!你进去吧!2.There they go!瞧他们走了

3.Out with it!快说呀

4.Here you are!给你!5.Off their heads!统统斩首

6.Off goes the man!那人离去

7.Away it flew!它飞走啦!8.Now for it!干起来吧!开始吧

9.Back he comes again!他又回来啦!

10.描Is he handsome!他的确很英俊描写句

11.Isn't she clever!她真聪明!描写句
12.Aren't you lucky!你真走运!描写句*感叹采用了一般疑问句形式

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13.Get him his change!给他找零钱!动态句
14.Don't be silly!别傻了!动态句*采用否定命令形式
15.Give them to me!给我!动态句*感叹祈使形式

16.No,not her!不,不是她!
17.Faster!Faster!快!快!*感叹采用了关键词形式

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18.Suddenly I understood!我恍然大悟!
19.Here we are!我们来了判断句
20.There they go!瞧,他们走了

21.She's such a gossip!她竟是个八卦妇
22.It is such a nice picture!多美的画啊!
23.It was such terrible singing!唱得多么难听

24.My hair grows so fast,Jim!吉姆,我头发长得太快了
25.It is so kind of you!您真好
26.The little girl is so clever!小姑娘真聪明
*such/so引导的感叹形式多数情况用省略式

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27.So soft!多么温柔
28.Such a noisy party!多喧闹的人群
29.Such a man!这样1个人!随具体情景决定含义的褒贬

30.What a distance距离 <it is>!好远啊! 
31.Good-bye to poverty贫穷!贫穷--永别了

32.At last! at last!终于盼到了!终于盼到了!
33.Out rushed the students!学生们都冲出去啦
34.The grass and the rising sun!多么青葱的草地,多么明媚的晨光

特例
A beer,please.=One beer,please.请来1杯啤酒。*强调不可数时→变可数用了
Two teas and four coffees,please.请来2杯茶和4杯咖啡.用餐点菜
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第2课 口语省略1

定义 不误解为条件,相同内容略。

判断句>省略be↓

He is a teacher,and she(is)a designer.他是1位教师而她却是1位设计师

描写句>省略It+be↓

Hi!(It is)Nice to see you again!嗨!很高兴又见到你

动态句>省略Have助动词+you主语↓

(Have you)Forgotten my name?忘记我的名字了吗?

讨论...

判断句>I am a teacher,and my wife (is) a doctor.

我是1名教师而我的妻子是位医生

描写句>I am not as strong as I was (strong).我不象从前那样健壮了

动态句>I live in the same building as he (lives in).

我与他住在同1栋楼里

动态句>He has gone,but no one knows where(he has gone).

他出走了,没人知道他去了哪里

描写句>If (it is)possible.如果可能

动态句+描写句>We will do that only when (it is) necessary.

我们只有在必要时才会那样做

动态句+动态句>

While(I was)walking along the street,I met a friend of mine.

当我走在街上时,遇见了朋友

存在句>(Is there)Nothing more you want to say?没有更多的话要说吗?

存>(Is there) Anything interesting?有趣的地方有吗?

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描>He seems (to be) very strong.他看起来很强壮。
描>His theory proved(to be) correct.他的理论证明是对的

动>The meeting (being) over.we left the room.会议结束,我们就离开了房间
动>I saw him at the doctor's (offive).我是在医务室看见他的

描感>How hot (it is)!多么热的天呀!描写句的感叹形式
判断句+动态句>(It is a) Pity he can't go with you.他不能同你去太可惜了
..............................................................

动>(You'd) Better stay inside today.今天最好呆在家里

动+动>He opened his lips as if(she were going) to speak.

他张开嘴唇,好象要说话似的

动>We discussed when to go.我们商量了什么时候动身

动态句+动态句>=We discussed when we should go.

动+动>Work will not kill a man but worry will.

累不死人愁死人。*省略 kill

动态句+动态句>Tom fell off his bike,but(he) was unhurt.

汤姆从自行车上跌下来,但没有受伤
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拓展 典型例句

动态句+动态句>What would you suggest he\she do?你建议他\她做什么?

*实词do 所以不可用单三的does,是因为它的前面省略了should;

1个人建议某人做什么=将来时[建议]

判>Tom and Mary are Americans,not Chinese.

汤姆和玛丽是美国人,不是中国人

参考52英语课堂教学
*Americans是复数形式,而Chinese单复数形式相同。

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第3课 口语省略2

A.时间状语从句‘主+be’

While(he was)at college,Tom wrote a novel.判+动

上大学时,TOM写了1部小说。

B.地点状语从句‘主+be’

Where(it is)necessary,improvements will be made.描+动

哪儿需要,就在哪里改进

C.方式状语从句‘主+be’

He acted as if(he was)certain of success.

他的举止就象一定会成功一样。

D.条件状语从句‘主+be’

If(it is)possible,please let me know by this evening.

如果可能的话,请在今晚以前告诉我

E.让步状语从句‘主+be’

Though(he was)exhausted,he went to bed very late.描+动

虽然他已筋疲力尽,但还是很晚才上床

F.原因状语从句虚拟should

*句型 lest[lest](书面语:担心)...should+动词原形=推测未来情形 [虚拟]

He ran awy lest he(should)be caught.动+动

他因为怕被捕而逃走了

=He ran awy lest he be caught. *得分点 主语后面跟be而不是is或was.

He wrote down her telephone number lest he(should)forget it.动+动

他把她的电话号码写下了,以免忘记

=He wrote down her telephone number lest he forget it.

得分点 主语后跟原形forget.而不是+s的‘3单现’形式forgets.

规则 先写结果,后写其它。直译---就是转换成英语的逻辑思维

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第4课 口语省略3

特征 要么加入,要么减去;要么在前,要么在后。

A.同义句可用并列

They fished all day;they didn't catch a thing.

他们钓了1整天鱼;他们也没钓到1条

They fished all day;however然而,they didn't catch a thing.加入连词
他们钓了1整天鱼;然而,他们1条鱼也没钓到

They fished all day,but they didn't catch a thing.更换连词
他们钓了1天鱼,但是他们1条鱼也没钓到

They fished all day,but didn't catch a thing.省略相同
他们钓了1天鱼,但是也没钓到1条鱼

参考

Pardon me asking,~ 对不起冒昧问一下

=Pardon me for asking,---

=Pardon my asking,---
...............................

B.省略句可用倒装

He`s getting cold,So am I (getting cold).描+描

他有些发冷,我也是
................

C.sucha\an之前→这般\如此\越\更↓

Don't say such a thing.别那样说
I've never heard of any such thing.我从未听到过这种事

*但遇no\any\some\all却在之后说
...........................

D.help+V时√可省略to

I helped find his things.我帮助找他的东西.*美式略to.
英式=I helped him to find his things.我帮他找东西.*to=英式

This liquid[`likwid] will help cure your cold.

这种药会帮助治好你的感冒.美式略to.
英式=This liquid will help to cure your cold.不略to.

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E. What/How+about时√可略→动词

What/How about a picnic this Sunday?怎么样,这个星期日去野餐?

=What/How about going for a picnic this Sunday.介词后面用动名词

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F. Why+动词原形时√可略→主语

Why ask Tom?为什么要问汤姆
=Why do you ask Tom?你为什么要问汤姆

Why not ask Tom?为什么不问问汤姆
=Why don`t you ask Tom?你为什么不问问汤姆

Why not go to a movie?为什么不去看场电影
=Why not go to the movies。

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第5课 社交时√习惯语

特征 要么重复,要么简答

A.问候 Greetings↓

问你 Hi.>Hello.你好!你答 Hi.>Hello.你好!

问你 Good morning早上\上午/afternoon/evening.早上好!

你答 Good morning/afternoon下午/evening傍晚.早上好

问你 How are you?你身体好吗你答I`m OK.很好的。

或答>Fine很好,thanks谢谢,and you?(你呢?)

问你 How are you doing?你怎么样你答Very很well好,thank谢谢you你.

>How are you all doing?你们都还好吗

问你 Please请say说hello你好to对your你的parents父母.

你答Sure没问题。

问你 Please请give给予my我的best最好的wishes祝福to对Tom.

你答All right.好的。

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B.介绍 Introduction

你说 My name is Tom.我的名字叫汤姆。母语化是is改叫

>I`m a student.我是1名学生
>I’m from England.我来自英国

>This is Mr(Mister)先生\Mrs[`misiz]夫人 太太\Miss小姐\Ms[miz] Brown.

这位是布朗先生。若改‘先生布朗’是英语化;Ms[miz]女士=Miss=Mrs不指明婚状

*Mrs=mistress[`mistris]女主人、主妇的简称

>I`d like you to meet Bob.我想你该见一下鲍勃

你说 >Hello.你好

>How do you do? 初次见面,你好!

>Nice/Glad/Pleased to meet\see you.很高兴见到你。用英语思维

>It`s a pleasure to see you here again.很高兴再次和你们见面

>It`s a pleasure to meet you, sir.很高兴认识你,这也是我的荣幸

>It`s a pleasure to you all.很高兴见到你们。

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C.告别 Farewells(fare费\遭遇+well好地)

你说>Good-bye/Bye/Bye-bye.再见!

>Good night.晚安
>See you later一会/then那么/tomorrow明天/soon不久.一会见!
>I am sorry I have to go now.对不起我得先走一步
>See you.回头见
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D.感谢 Thanks

Thank you very much.非常感谢。Thank you so much.非常感谢
Thanks a lot.多谢.Many thanks!多谢。
Thank you for your help.谢谢您的帮助
It`s very kind/nice of you.你真好

It`s a pleasure.是件快乐的事
That`s OK/all right.没关系。那没关系。
You`re welcome.不客气。你是受欢迎的
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E.道歉 Apologies

Sorry.对不起。事后用语
I`m sorry.对不起。事后用语

Excuse me,please.对不起,打扰一下。事前用语
I beg your pardon.请你原谅。我请求你的原谅\宽恕。另 请再说一遍

I`m sorry for losing your book.我对不起,弄丢了你的书
I`m sorry to interrupt打断 you.我很抱歉打断你

I`m sorry(that)I`m late.很抱歉,我迟到了。母语化

It`s all right.没关系的。That`s all right.没关系的。

No sweat流汗.美俚:没什么

Never mind.不必介意

It doesn`t matter.无关紧要
It`s nothing.没什么
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F.邀请 Invitation请贴

问你 >Would you like to go for a walk?你愿意去散步吗

=You love to go for a walk?你喜欢去散散步吗?

=Want to go for a walk?想不想去散步

You must come to dinner with us.你一定来和我们共进晚餐哦

=You must come and have吃 dinner with us.

May I invite you to dinner?我能邀请你吃晚餐吗

May I invite you to dinner next Saturday?
下星期六我能邀请你吃饭吗

What/How about having a swim?游泳怎么样?=How about swimming?

------------------- 以下

肯定应答

OK.好啊.

Thank you.感谢你

I'd like that,thanks.谢谢,我非常乐意

Yes,I'd love to.好呀,我非常愿意

That would be very nice.那会是非常好的

否定应答

No,thank you.不用了,谢谢

It's very nice of you,but my mother is ill.

你真是太好了,但我妈妈病了

I'd love to,but I'm afraid I have no time.

我很愿意,但我恐怕没有时间了

I'm sorry I can't.对不起,我不能。

What about another time?改个时间怎么样
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G.请求允许 Asking for permission许可

May I come in?我可以进了吗
Can/Could I use your telephone?我能用你的电话吗

Would/Do you mind if I open the window?如果我开窗你介意吗

--------------- 以下

肯定应答

Yes,please.是的,请吧

Sure.没问题

Certainly.当然可以

否定应答

I'm sorry,it's not allowed.对不起,这是不允许的

I'm afraid not.You'd better not.恐怕不行,你最好不要

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H.祝贺与祝愿 Expressing表达 wishes and congratulations祝词

Have a good day/time!度过一个愉快的1天/时光.

Have a good journey/trip!度过1个愉快的旅行

Good luck!祝您好运

Enjoy yourself!尽情享受。
Best wishes to you.向你致以美好的祝愿
Happy New Year!恭贺新禧

Merry Christmas!圣诞快乐!
Happy birthday!生日快乐

Wish you all the success!预祝你万事成功

I wish you all the best and success.
我预祝你万事如意和成功

Congratulations!祝贺你。
Well done!做的不错

Thank you.谢谢你。
You,too.你也是
The same to you.你也一样。
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I.提供帮助 Offering提供 help

Do you want me to clean the room?你要我清理这房间吗

参考 Why do you want me to clean the room?
你为什么要我打扫房间呢

Can I help you?我能帮你吗
Would you like me to help you?你要我帮忙吗?礼貌语

=Do you want me to help you?一般语

What can I do for you?我能帮你做什么
Let me take your bags.让我来帮你拿包吧

----------------- 以下

肯定应答

Yes, please.接受并且感谢
Yes,thanks.是的,谢谢
Thank you.感谢你
That would be nice/fine.那会很幸福
Thank you for your/the help.感谢你的帮助

否定应答

No,thanks/thank you.不了,谢谢

参考 No, thank you. Thanks for all you help.
不,谢谢。感谢你所有的帮助

Thank you all the same.尽管不了,但还是要谢谢您

That's very kind of you,but I can manage驾驭 it myself.

你真是太好了,但是我自己可以
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J.约会 Making appointments约会(appointment的名词复数)\职务

Will you be free tomorrow?你明天有空吗?

=Are you free tomorrow?

Do you have time this afternoon?你今天下午有时间吗
How about tomorrow morning?明天上午如何?

When/Where shall we meet?我们何时何地见面?

Could we meet at 2:30?我们可以在2:30见面吗

Let's make it 2:30.让我们定在2:30吧。

What time is convenient for you?你什么时候方便?

参考 What time will is convenient方便的for you?
几点钟对你方便

I'd like to make an appointment约会\任命\职务\职位with Mr Jones.

我想和琼斯先生约个时间见面。 ---- 以下

肯定应答

Yes,I'll be free then.是的,到时我会有空的
All right. See you then.好的,那时候见你

参考 All right.I'll see you then.
好的,那时候我去见你

否定应答

I'll afraid I have no time then.我恐怕没有时间了

Sorry,I won't be free then. But I'll be free tomorrow.

对不起,我那时候没空。但我明天有时间
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K.打电话 Making telephone calls

Hello!May I speak to Tom? 英语思维 我可以说对汤姆吗?
喂,请找汤姆接电话好吗

Hello!I'd like to speak to Mr Green.你好,我想跟格林先生通话

Is that Tom speaking?是汤姆在与我说话吗? 关注母语

Extension外延 six two two six,please.请转分机6226.

Can I leave a message.我能留言吗

I'll call back later\again.我稍后再回打电话
I'll ring him\her up again.我会再打电话给他。*打个电话ring up

Hello!This is Mary speaking.=Hello,I'm Mary.喂喂,我是玛丽呀!判断句

喂,我是玛丽与你通话中

Hello,who is that?喂喂,你那边是哪1位呀?

参考 Hello!This is Lucy. Who is that?
喂,我是露西。你是哪1位(谁)呀

Hold the line,please.别挂断,请等一下。读白请候着(住)线.
Just a moment,please.请稍等片刻.=Please wait a moment.
Hello,who's speaking?喂,请问讲话是谁呀

参考 Hello,who's speaking,please?喂,请问你是谁呀

参考 Hello,who's that speaking?喂喂,是谁在那边讲话呀

Sorry.She isn't here right now.对不起。她此时不在这里。

Can I take a message?需要我传话吗
Sorry.I can't hear you.对不起,我听不清你说的

参考

I'm sorry,I can't hear you!对不起,我听不清你(说什么)!

I'm sorry,I can't hear you very well.对不起,我听不太清。

I am sorry I can't hear you too well.抱歉,你的话我听不太清楚

参考 I am sorry I can't hear you.There must be something

wrong with the telephone.很抱歉,我听不清你说什么,电话一定出毛病了

参考 Please speak louder.I'm sorry I can't hear you very well.
请说大声一点,抱歉我听的不太清楚

The line is bad/busy.线路不好/忙。

I couldn't get through电话的接通.我打不通电话(电话打不通)。

Sorry,I'm afraid you have the wrong number.

对不起,我怕你是拨错号码了

参考

I'm sorry.You must have got the wrong number.抱歉,你一定拨错号码了。

I'm afraid you have the wrong number.我想你有那错的电话号

There's no one by that name here.我们这儿没有那人的名字
............................................

K.就餐 Having meals

Would you like something to eat or drink?你想来点吃的或喝的吗

参考 Would you like something to eat/something to drink?
你想吃/喝点什么吗?

参考 It's a pleasure for me!Would you like to drink or eat something?
我很荣幸。您想吃点或喝点什么吗
What would you like(to have)?你们想吃点什么?您要来些什么

参考 Yes, sir.And you,miss? What would you like to have?
好的先生.小姐你呢?你想吃点什么

What would you like to eat?想吃点什么?

What would you like to have for supper?晚饭想吃点什么

参考 What would you like to have for dinner?你晚餐想吃点什么

Would you like some more fish?你还想再来些鱼吗

Help yourself to some fish.请自己动手吃点鱼吧。

参考 Help yourself to some fried fish.请随便吃,来点炸鱼吧

Help yourself to some more fruit.随便吃点蔬菜

参考 Help yourself to some more soup.随便喝点汤。

---------------------- 以下

肯定应答

Yes,I'd like a drink.是的,我想喝一杯
I'd like rice and chicken.我想要米饭和鸡肉

I'd like chicken,salad and rice,please.
请来点鸡肉、沙拉和米饭

参考 I'd like some chicken,some beef,some rice and some fish.
我想要一些鸡肉、一些牛肉、一些米饭和一些鱼

Just a little,please.只要一点。

参考 Ok,just a little,please.那好,我就尝一点

Can I have some more soup?请再给我一些汤,好吗?
It's so delicious.Thank you.真好吃谢谢

参考

This is just a little something,please accept it.
这是一点小意思,请笑纳

Can we have just a little privacy隱私, please?
给我们一点点隐私,好吗

Please say it slowly,sir.I just know a little English.
先生,请您说慢点。我只懂一点英语

否定应答

No,thank you.I've had enough.不谢谢你,我已经够了。

参考 No,thank you.I've had quite enough.不用了,谢谢你,我足够了

I'm full,thank you.我饱了,谢谢

参考 Thank you,I'm full.谢谢,我已经饱了。

No,thank you.I'm too full.不了,谢谢,我吃得太饱了

No more,thank you,I'm really full.够了,谢谢,我真饱了

It's very delicious,but I can't eat any more.

它非常美味,但我不能再吃了

参考 No more thank you,I'm full up.不添了,谢谢,我已经吃饱喝足了
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L.就医 Seeing the doctor看医生

What's the matter?怎么了

What seems to be the trouble? 有什么不舒服的吗

参考

What seems to be the trouble?有什么困难吗?

Now,what seems to be the trouble?现在什么地方觉得不舒服

Please come in.What seems to be the trouble? 请进,你哪里不舒服

参考 What seems to be the trouble,lady?您遇到什么麻烦了吗,小姐

Right,now,what seems to be the problem.
好,现在请你说说他有什么毛病

Do you have a fever?你发烧吗?

How long have you felt like this?你感到不舒服有多久了

It's nothing serious.不严重.

Take this medicine three times a day.这药每天服用3次
You'll be all right/well soon.你很快就会好起来的

Stop smoking,and then you'll soon be quite all right again.
戒烟吧,那样你很快就会再次没事了

I have a headache/cough/fever.我头痛/咳嗽/发烧
I feel terrible/bad/horrible/awful.我觉得很糟糕/不舒服/可怕/很糟的

I don't feel well.我感到不舒服
I've got a pain here.我这个地方有点儿疼痛。

参考 I've got a pain here.I couldn't lift my right hand.
我这儿有点痛,我的右手抬不起来

It hurts here.这儿疼。
I can't sleep well.我睡眠不好

参考 Yes,I can't sleep well every night.
是的,我每晚都睡得不好

参考

I can't sleep well because the tap is dripping.
因为龙头漏水吵得我睡不好觉

Tonight I can't sleep well,but it just be one night.
今夜的我似乎无法入眠了,不过也只是这一晚而已
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M.购物 Shopping

Can/May I help you?我能帮您吗
What can I do for you?要买点什么? 我能为你做点什么

参考 What can I do for you? A scarf,please.
你要买什么?答 我买1条围巾

Welcome to our shopping centre,madam.What can I do for you?
欢迎您到我们购物中心,女士您要买些什么

参考

I am a volunteer,what can i do for you,sir\miss?
我是1名志愿者,需要我帮忙吗,先生\小姐

It's my pleasure,what can I do for you?
很荣幸 我能帮什么忙

Hey,what's the matter?What can I do for you?
嘻,发生了什么事?我可以为你效劳

参考

Fine,thanks.Well,what can I do for you?我很好,谢谢.嗯,你有什么事吗?

Hello Mary,What can I do for you?您好,玛丽请问有什么可以帮您?

Welcome to KFC!What can I do for you?欢迎光临肯德基,有什么我能效劳的

参考 Hello,what can I do for you?您好,请问您要办理什么业务

How many/much would you like?你想要多少
What colour/size/kind would you like?你喜欢什么颜色/尺寸/款式
What about this one?这款怎么样?那这一件呢?这间怎么样?这个人怎么样

参考 What about this grey one?这件灰色的怎么样?

What about this light blue one?您看这块浅蓝色的怎么样

参考

What do you think about this one?你认为这个怎么样?

What about this one? This one's got a label.
那么这只呢?这只箱子有个标签

What about this one? It's a lovely dress.
这件怎么样?这是件漂亮的衣服

Wow!What about this one? It's light green.
哇!这玩意儿又是什么?淡绿色的这个

And what about this one?那么关于这张呢
Ok fine,what about this one?那么好吧,看这个怎么样

What's so special about this one?这辆车有什么特别?

Here's your change.这是找回你的零钱。存在句(there be\here be)

I want/I'd like a pair of shoes.我想要一双鞋子
How much is it/are they?他们是多少钱单复数皆可
May I try it on?我能试穿一下吗

It's too big/small.它太大/小了。

参考 It's too small.I'm too big.它太小了,我太胖了

Sorry,it's too expensive.对不起,太贵了。

Do you have any other colours/sizes/kinds?你们还有其他颜色/尺寸/款式的吗

That's fine.I'll take it.那个很好,我将买下它了
Just have a look.Well,I'll think about it.只是看看。不错,我会考虑的。
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N.问路 Asking the way

Excuse me.Where's the washroom?请问,洗手间在哪里?

参考

Excuse me!Where's the restroom.对不起,厕所在哪里?

Excuse me,where is the toilet.请问,洗手间在哪里?

Can you tell me how to get to the post office?你能告诉我怎么去邮局吗?

参考 Uncle,can you tell me how can I get to the nearest post office?
叔叔,你能告诉我这里最近的邮电局在哪儿吗

Excuse me.Which bus goes to WorldPark?请问,哪辆车去世界公园

Excuse me.Could you tell me the way to the station,please? 用Could=礼貌语

对不起,请您告诉我去车站的路好吗

How can I get to No.4 Middle School? 用can=通常语

我怎样才能到第四中学?--- 以下

肯定应答

It's over there.它在那边

Yes,you can't miss it.对,你不会错过的

参考 It's over there,I'd be glad to show you the way.
在那边 我很乐意带你去

It's over there.There's a bus every five minutes.
它在那里 每五分钟有一班车

See the red sign across the street? It's over there.
你看到对街的红色标志吗?就是那里

I want to say it's over there,not over here.
我要说的是在那里,不在这儿

OK.I think it's over there.好的,我想它是在那边

It's over there.It's free,and there is also a map inside.
在那呢它是免费的,里面还附带着地图

It's over there, near the Bank of China.就在那儿中国银行的旁边

It's over there, near the office building.
在那边办公大楼的附近

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It's over there up in the tree.在那里跑到树上去了

It's over there, on the table.它在那在桌子上面。

It's over there,behind the teapot.在那边茶壶后面

It's over there,beside the hospital.在那边,医院旁边

Of course.It's over there.当然就在那边

It's over there on the left.在左边那儿。

It's over there at the counter.在那边的柜台上

No problem.It's over there.没问题的。它是在那儿。

参考 It's over there through the doors.穿过那扇门后就是了

It's about 400 metres from here.离这里大约400米。

Go down this street until you see the tall red building.

沿着这条街一直走到你看到那座高大的红色建筑物

Turn right/left at the first/second crossing corner.

在第一/第二个十字路口向右/左拐

You can't miss it.你不会找不到。英语思维 你不能错过它。

参考 The museum's on the left,you can't miss it.
博物馆在左边 你不会找不到

参考 It'll be on your right.You can't miss it.
它就在你的右手边 你一定会看到的。

The museum is on the next corner,you can't miss it.
博物馆就在下一个转角处,很明显的

Their house is at the end of the road you can't miss it.
他们的房子在路的尽头你不会看不见的。

The house is at the next corner,you can't miss it.
那栋房子就在下一个拐弯的地方你不会看不见的

Turn right.Then go straight ahead.You can't miss it.
向右拐,然后一直向前走,你一定能找到。

It's across the street from here.You can't miss it.
从这里过了马路就到了你一定找得到的

The hospital is at the next corner and you can't miss it.
医院就在下1个拐弯的地方你不会看不见的

You can't miss it.It's right off the main road.
别错过了,就在大路边上。

The bank is around the comer,you can't miss it.
银行就在附近你不会错过它的

Turn left at the first light.You can't miss it.
在第1个红绿灯左拐,你肯定能找到。

The house is opposite the church.you can't miss it.
那房子在教堂对面你不可能找不到

The house is on the corner,you can't miss it.
那房子就在拐角处你不会找不到的

It's right to your left.You can't miss it.
就在你左手边你找得到的。

There is a big sign.You can't miss it.
有一个大招牌你不会错过的

It's such a large building that you can't miss it.
那个楼很大你不会找不到的。

My diary's on the table,it's big and black you can't miss it.
我的日记本在桌子上 又大又黑,你不会看不到

It's signposted quite clearly?You can't miss it.
有路标很清楚,您肯定会找得到的

First right,second left.You can't miss it.
先向右 再向左,你不会找不到的

Follow the road round to,you can't miss it.沿着这条街走,你会找到的

You can take bus No.103.你可以乘103路公共汽车
You'd better take a taxi.你最好坐出租车去

参考 Yes.You'd better take a bus.是远的,你最好坐公共汽车去。

I think you'd better take a taxi.我想你最好叫1辆出租车

It's far from here.you'd better take a taxi.
从这里去很远,我想你最好乘出租车去

It's very far.You'd better take a taxi.路比较远,您最好打的士去

Yes,it is far.You'd better take a taxi.
挺远的你最好打个车

It's a long way, and you'd better take a taxi.
离这里很长的路,你最好乘出租汽车去

If you want to save time,you'd better take a taxi.
如果想节省时间,你最好坐出租车去

否定应答

Sorry.I don't know.I'm a stranger here.

对不起,我不知道,我是个陌生人

参考 Oh,I'm sorry.I don't know,either.哦,很抱歉,我也不知道

I'm sorry,I'm a stranger here myself.
对不起,这个地方我也不熟悉

Sorry,I can't.I'm a stranger here myself.
对不起,我不能。我自己也是初次来这里

I'm sorry I am a stranger here.
对不起,我是刚到这里的

I'm sorry I don't know.You'd better ask somebody else.
对不起,我也不知道,你问问其他人吧

I'm sorry I don't know about the community一带 here myself.
很抱歉,这一带我也不熟悉。

I'm sorry I don't know.You'd better ask the girl over there.
对不起 我不知道。你最好问那个女孩

I'm sorry I don't know the way,either.
很抱歉,我也不知道这路怎么走。

I am sorry I don't know where it is.
很抱歉我不知道它在哪儿

I'm sorry I don't know much about that.
很抱歉我不太知道这事

I'm sorry I don't know anything about it.
很抱歉我对此一无所知。

I'm sorry,I don't know.I'm new around here.
对不起,我不知道,我对这里很生疏

Sorry,I don't know.Let's ask Han Mei.
对不起,我不知道。让我们去问问韩梅。

I'm sorry,I don't know.You'd better ask that policeman.
很抱歉,我不知道,你最好问那位警察

I'm sorry.I don't know what to say.
抱歉,我不知道该怎么说了。

I'm sorry.I don't know why I did it.
抱歉,我不知道自己为什么那么做

Sorry,I don't know any Korean,but you can speak English to me!
抱歉 我不会说韩语 但是你们可以和我说英语

I'm sorry,I don't know where to get off.
对不起,我不知道该在哪一站下车

Sorry,I don't know how to express表达 this in English.
抱歉,我不知道这个要怎么用英文表达
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O.谈论天气 Talking about weather

What's the weather like today?今天的天气怎么样
How's the weather in Beijing?北京的天气怎么样

How's the weather in Beijing now?
北京现在的天气怎么样

What a cold/hot day today!今天天气多么冷/热!

It's a nice/fine/beautiful/horrible day today.

今天是1个美的\好的/晴朗的/恐怖的一天

It's getting cool/cold/warm/hot.天正在变凉/冷/暖/热。

肯定应答

It is sunny.今天是晴天

It is windy.今天有风

It is cloudy.今天多云。

It's rainy today.今天有雨

It's warm today.今天温暖

It's hot热(cool凉\cold冷\snowy雪\foggy雾)today.今天热。

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P.语言交际困难 Language difficulties in communication

Pardon?对不起,请您在说一遍

=I beg your pardon.再说一遍行吗?

参考

I do beg your pardon.我求你原谅我。*do谓语动词前>强调语

Beg pardon原谅。对不起
Pardon me.请原谅我。=Excuse me.>事前语

参考

I beg your pardon--I didn`t hear what you said.

请再说1遍---我没听见你刚才说的话

=I beg your pardon.I didn`t quite[kwait]完全 hear you.

对不起,我没听清楚。

参考

Pardon me for not writing to you sooner.

请原谅我未能及时给你写信

Pardon me for troubling you.对不起,麻烦你了。

I beg your pardon!你说什么!>正话反说

I beg your pardon for being in your way.对不起挡住你的路了

Pardon me,I have to use the john美厕所.对不起,我要到洗手间去一下

Pardon my impatience性急.请原谅我的性急

参考 You`ve just stepped on my foot!I beg your pardon.

你刚才踩了我的脚!请原谅。>正话反说
I don't understand.我不懂

Do you understand?你弄明白了吗?

参考 He didn`t even begin to understand.他半点也不懂。

Do you understand what I mean?你弄明白我的意思吗?

I can`t understand what you meant.我不能懂你的意思。

参考 He couldn`t understand what I meant.他不懂我的意思

He seems unable to understand you.他好像无法理解你

Do you understand English\Chinese?你明白英语\汉语吗?

I don`t understand their language,you`ll have to act as interpreter口译.

我不懂他们的语言,你得当翻译了

参考

I quite[kwait]完全 agree\understand.我完全同意\理解。

I understand she is in Paris\China.我听说她现在在巴黎\中国

参考 I can not understand her logic.我不能理解她的逻辑

I can understand your situation处境.我能理解你的情况

I can`t understand Arabic,will you translate for me.

我不懂阿拉伯语,你能帮我翻译吗

I`m beginning to understand.我开始明白了

参考

I don't understand why you don't get this,okay?
我不知道为什么你还是不懂
I'm afraid I don't understand what you are saying, sir.
我不太明白你在说什么,先生
参考 I'm afraid I don't understand you.What's the point?
我怕我不明白你的话。你想说明什么?
Do you understand the difficulty困难of my position境况?

你明白我处境的困难吗?

Don`t apologize道歉,I understand.不用道歉,我能理解

参考

I can`t understand it.我不能理解

Sorry,I can't follow领会\听懂 you.对不起,我没听懂。

I'm sorry I can't follow you.抱歉,我没听懂
Do you follow me?我听懂我说的话吗

Follow my advice.听我的劝告。

Follow顺着this road.随着这条路儿走

I'm sorry,I can't follow you,we need an interpreter I'm afraid.?
对不起,我没有听懂您的话,我们最好找一名翻译来
Sorry!I don't quite follow*Can you repeat that?
抱歉 我不太懂耶*你能再重复1次吗
How do you say…in English?你用英语…怎么说?

How do you say it in English?那个用英文要怎样说
Can you speak english?你会说英语吗
How do you say this sentence in English?这句怎么用英语说
参考How do you say the word in English?
这个字用英语应该如何说呢

I don't know how to say that in English.我不知道用英语怎么说那个
I don't know how to spell this word.我不知道这个字怎么拼

I don't know the word in English.我不知道这个词用英语怎么讲?

参考 I don't know the exact word in English.
我不知道英语中这个确切的单词
How do you spell it,please?请告诉我怎样拼

参考

Please tell me how to spell English word.
请告诉我怎样拼写这个英文单词
Please tell me how to spell the word.
请告诉我怎样拼这个字
How do you spell your name?你的名字怎么拼写?

How do you spell your last name?你的性怎么拼写

Could you spell the name out?请你把名字拼一下好吗

I don`t know how to spell your name.我不会拼写你的名字

Tell me how to spell it.告诉我怎么拼。

参考

Please stand up and spell the word.请站起来拼写这个字

These children can`t spell.这些孩子不会拼字
I'm sorry I only know a little English.对不起我只懂一点英语

I'm sorry I know only a little English.很抱歉我只懂一点英语
I'm sorry.I know only a little English/I don't quite follow you.
抱歉,我英语懂得很少,我不太明白你的意思

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Q.提醒注意 Reminding and warning

Don't forget your raincoat.别忘带上你的雨衣。

参考
Hey,don't forget your raincoat.
嘿,别忘记穿雨衣
It's wet.Don't forget your umbrella and raincoat.
外面正下着雨,别忘了带上雨伞和雨衣
Remember to lock the door.记得要锁上门。

参考
I always remember to lock the door when I leave home.
我离开家时总记得锁门
Remember to lock the door when you leave.你走的时候记得把门锁好

You must remember to lock the door.你一定要记住锁好门
You should remember to lock the door.你应该记得锁门了吧
I remember to lock the door.我记住了要去锁门

Mind your head/step!小心头上/脚下。
No smoking!禁止吸烟
No spitting!禁止吐痰。

参考

No spitting in public places.公共场所不许随意吐痰

No spitting on the street.不要在街上吐痰
No spitting.No smoking.No talking.
不要随地吐痰,不要抽烟,不要大声交谈

Wet floor!小心地滑。
Look out!留神
Be careful!要小心

Don't touch!不要触碰
It's dangerous!这很危险
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R.劝告 Advice

You'd better go to see the doctor.你最好去看医生

参考

You'd better go to see the doctor and have a checkup体格检查。
你最好去看医生,检查一下
You should listen to and read English every day.你应该每天听读英语

You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary.你需要买1本汉英词典

Don't rush仓促/hurry急/push逼迫.Please stand in line.不要急,请排队。

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S.建议 Suggestions

Let's go and have a look.让我们去看一看

参考
Let's go up and have a look.让我们上去看一眼
Let's go into the hall and have a look round.
让我们进大厅转一转

Really?Let's go and have a look.真的?让我们去看一看
Look!What a beautiful Island,let's go and have a look.?
看,那小岛真美啊!我们过去看看

We have a new classroom.Really?Let's go and have a look.
我们有1间新教室,真的吗,让我们去看看

Great!Let's go and have a look.太棒了!我们去看看
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T.态度 Attitudes姿态

1.同意和不同意 Agreement同意 and disagreement不合

Sure.Certainly.当然.当然.
Of course.All right.当然了好的

I agree.我同意

参考
For me,I agree the last one.对我而言,我同意最后的观点
I agree with you.我同意
I agree with what he said.我同意他的说法
I agree with telling the truth.我同意说出事实真相

No problem.没有问题。
That's a good idea.这是1个好主意
Yes,I think so.是的 我想是的

Yes,I think so too.是的,我也这样认为
No way.没办法。
Of course not.当然不是

I don't agree.我不同意。
I don't think so.我不这么认为
I'm afraid not.恐怕不
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2.喜欢和不喜欢 Likes and dislikes

This book is very interesting.这本书很有趣
I like/love the movie very much.我喜欢这部电影非常

I like/love to play computer games.我喜欢玩电脑游戏
I like taking photos.我喜欢拍照

I enjoy listening to music.我喜欢听音乐
This song is bad/awful.这首歌是不好/糟糕透了

I don't like the movie very much/at all.句型 一点也不not...at all.

我很不喜欢这部电影

I don't enjoy collecting stamps.我不喜欢收集邮票
I hate to do homework.我讨厌做家庭作业
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3.肯定和不肯定 Certainty确定 and uncertainty不确定

I'm sure.我敢肯定.
I'm sure of that.我确定这一点

I'm quite sure of that.我对此确信无疑
I'm not sure of that.我不敢肯定那事
I'm sure you heard all of that.我确信你听到的一切

I'm quite sure that she'll join us.我敢肯定她会参加我们的活动
There is no doubt that it's made of silk.毫无疑问它是丝绸做的

It's clear that it will rain soon.很明显天快要下雨了
I'm not so sure.我不那么肯定。

I'm not sure whether/if she can come.我不确定她是否能来
Maybe you're right.也许你是对的
Perhaps she is at home now.也许她现在在家

It`s hard to say.很难说

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