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各种疑问各种否定简答与省略从句与虚拟倒装3非谓语法与10种词翻译技巧

各种疑问【讲座】10万个为什么页底陆续... 日新月异 <θηδэ*∫)

提示4种疑问句
:
1.一般疑问:能+n't的动词(助动词)引导的句子,如:

Are you a boy
?<动词如不提前句尾是不能+?>

2.特殊疑问:由疑问词引导的句子,如:
How are you
?<疑问词或疑问词组后面必须有动词
跟随是其关注点>

3.选择疑问3种:
们是一般疑问与特殊疑问的引申,如:
*一般疑问
+or+选择物,如:Are you a boy or
a girl?
*特殊疑问+or+选择物,如:Who likes boys,she or he?

*一般疑问+or+
not,如:Do you like pets or not?

4.反义疑问:们是
肯定句否定的引申,如:
*肯定句
+
简短否定问句,如:You are a boy,aren't you?
*
否定+简短肯定问句,如:You aren't a boy,are you?


11种疑问

1.非动词引导:This blue one?是蓝色这个吗?
What about Tom? TOM怎样呀?
Which one?是哪一个?
Why? 为什么?
Anything I can help you with?有什么事我能帮助你吗?
You want to go home already?你已经想回家了吗?
You haven't had tea yet? 你还没喝过茶吗?
This good-looking girl is your daughter?这个漂亮的女孩是你的女儿吧?
do=发生:He comes to ask what was doing.他来问发生了什么?*无须回答。

2.反问形式:You can swim,can't you?你会游泳,不是吗?

3.一般疑问:Have you written a letten in English?你已经用英语写完一封信了吗?

4.特殊疑问: What colour's his dog?他的狗是什么颜色?
Who is standing there?谁正站在那里?

5.选择疑问: Are his cases heavy or light?他的箱子是重还是轻呢?
Which do you prefer,coffee or tea?你喜欢什么,咖啡还是茶?
Are you learning English for pleasure or for your work?你学英语是出于兴趣还是为了工作?
动态句>Are you coming or not?你来不来呀?

6.祈使疑问: Tell me whether or not you're interested?告诉我你有没有兴趣?
Let's go swimming ,shall we?让我们去游泳,好吗?
Tell me if you are tired?告诉我你是否累了?

7.否定疑问:Isn't she sweet?她很可爱吧?
Haven't I met you somewhere before?我以前没在什么地方见过你?
<I recognize your face.面熟>
Hasn't anyone emptied this basket yet?某人还没有倒空这个篮子吗?
Haven't you two met before?你俩以前没见过面吗?

<I thought you did.我曾认为你见过.>

Don't you like ice-cream? 你不喜欢吃冰淇淋吗?
<I thought you did.我曾认为你
喜欢.>
Didn't you want me to help you?你不要我帮你吗?  
<I thought you did.我曾认为你要.>
Aren't you going to church tonight?
今晚你不准备去教堂吗?
<I thought you were.我曾认为是.>
Why can't he be there at six o'clock?他为什么6点钟没能在那里?

8.副词引导: So am I right in saying we should finish it ahead of time?
我们必须提前完成任务,我这样说对吗?

9.间接疑问: I want to know if you are busy.我想知道你是否忙不。
Tell me if you are buy.告诉我,如果你忙.
I wonder what made him do it.我想知道是什么使得他干了此事.

I want to know whether/if he has signed the contract.
我想知道是否合同签了字.
*非间接疑问形式:不能用if.
(如:↓I'm concerned about whether he has signed the contract.
我很关心是否合同签了字.)

10.双重疑问:Who can tell me who is who?
谁能告诉我谁是谁?(指照片)*who is who=判断句

Who eats who?谁吃谁?

11.插入疑问:You don't like being a,now what's the word,politician[,p ) li`tiэn]?
你不喜欢当1名,叫什么来着,
政治家

1
判断句各种疑问
定义
:对信息的是非进行询问。
When was he
at home?
他在家是什么时候呢?
中=They are like what?他们是怎样的人呢?中=英↓
=What are they like?他们是怎样的人呢?
中=He is what nationality?他是什么国籍?中=英↓
=What nationality is he?他是什么国籍?

Is that the ship by which he came to New York?
那艘就是他来纽约乘坐的轮船吗?(+)


2描写句各种疑问 定义:对描写事物的信息进行询问。

1.Are you tired?你累吗?
2.Does she feel ill?她感觉生病了吗?(虚拟描写)
3.中=She feels how?她感觉怎样呀?中=英
=How does she feel?她感觉怎样呀?

4.Isn't he clever?他不是很聪明么?*暗含感叹
5.Is it right or wrong?它是对还是错呢?
6.Everything is ready,isn't it?一切都准备好了,不是吗?

3存在句各种疑问 定义:对事物的是否存在进行询问。
1.Is there a problem?有什么问题吗?
2.What else is there in the house?屋子里还有谁?
3.What news is there in the papers this morning?今天早晨报纸上有什么新闻吗?
4.What harm is there in watching TV?看看TV又何妨?
5.Are you there? 喂? 你听得见吗?[电话用语]

4占有句各种疑问 定义: 对信息的属性进行询问。
1.Have you got any chocolate?你们有巧克力吗?
2.Do you have any honey?你们有蜂蜜吗?
3.Have you got anything to do?你有什么事要做吗?

5动态句各种疑问 定义:对动态的信息进行询问。

1.Do you think they are Chinese?你认为他们是中国人吗?(+)
(答:I'm not sure.They may be Japanese.*+)
Did someone phone this eventing?今晚有人打电话来吗?
<I was expecting a call.我在等电话.>

Do you need some money?你需要钱吗?
<It looks as if you have none.看起来你好象没钱了.>

Have you learned to ski already?你曾学过滑雪吗?
<It looks as if you can ski.你好象会滑.>

2.Who bought a newspaper?谁买了一份报纸?
3.中=He is doing what?他正在干什么呢?中=英=What is he doing ?
4.中=He told you what?他告诉你什么了?中=英=What did he tell you?
5.中=He will do what if he misses the bus?
他将干什么,如果他错过了这趟公共汽车?
中=英

=What will he do if he misses the bus?

6.中=You were doing what when he arrived?你正在干什么呢,当他到达的时侯?中=英
=What were you doing when he arrived?


7.中=You saw whom?你看见谁了?中=英=Whom did you see?
8.Would you rather wait or come back later?你是要等还是稍后再来?
9.What,he has been sacked?
什么,他已被解雇了?*sack[s*k]解雇
..................................................................
how come=why 为什么/怎么 非正式:后跟陈述句部分/否定形式

问 How come we have to stay here?我们干嘛非要呆在这儿?
答 That's what we are excepted.那是因为要求我们呆在这儿。

问 How come the washing machine doesn't work?这台洗衣机为什么不工作?
答 Because it's too old.因为太旧了。

问 How come you were late again?你怎么又晚了?
问 How come he didn't marry her?他为什么没娶她?
How come somebody left the baby in the car by herself?怎么有人把这小女孩单独留在车里?
..........................................................................................

[陆续答疑] 英语10万个为什么?建议入门者暂不阅读 页底

1.能把疑问链接成简短对话吗→为什么:能.其性质属于确认表述。
如 Who served you? That man?  Yes, he's the man who served me.
谁接待了你? 那位男生吗? 是的,他就是接待了我的那位男生。
2.能自己问自己吗?→为什么?答:能.其性质属于不确认表述。
如 Who am I? What am I?    Where am I now?
我是谁?  我是做什么的? 我现在是在哪儿?

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