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讲座-词组1                           本页上接-常见词组         本页下接-同义句...................................................................................

a few 有些,几个

a great/good deal of 大量(的),许多
>They eat a great deal of fruit in addittion.他们还吃大量的水果。
英式思维:他们吃大量的水果,附加上。[di:l]n.大量;[э`di∫эn]n.附加
语法:先写结果,即‘主谓宾',后写其它之原则。


>He has a good of practical sense.他有很多实用的常识。
英式思维:他有很多实用的常识。[`præktikэl]a.实用的;[sens]]n.见识,道理,感官,感觉
语法:先写结果,即‘主谓宾',后写其它之原则。
本句的语序:中=英。
.......................................................
a little 一点,稍;一些,少许
a lot of 大量(的),很多(的)

a matter of (关于...)的问题;大约
>It's a matter of conscience.它是有关良心的事。[`k)n∫эns]n.良心
>I'll be back in a matter of hours.我将返回在大约几小时后。in 在...之后
语法:先写结果,即‘主系表',后写其它之原则。本句的语序:中=英。
.......................................................
a number[э`nΛmbэr] of[эv] 若干,一些
>A number of people have left.一些人已经走了。走:leave,left,left
语法:have+过分=完成时;中文语序=英文语序,无任何改动。

a series of 一系列,一连串[`siэri:z]n.系列
>The train stopped with a series of jerks.火车震动几下停了。jerk[d3э:k]vti.n.痉挛

a variety of 种种,各种 [v`raiti]n.多种
>He has a varety of interests.他有多种爱好。
语法:先写结果,即‘主谓宾',后写其它之原则。本句的语序:中=英。
.......................................................
able to=can 能,会
>Will you be able to finish the job tomorrow?你能明天做完吗?
语法:本句的will可以和be able to并用,但却不能和can并用。

above all 首先,尤其
>You are strong,brave and,above all,honest.你强壮,勇敢,尤其诚实。
.............................................................
according to 根据[э`k ):diη]a.相符的;和谐的;相应的
>According to her,you called at noon.据她说,你在中午打来电话。
>Everything went according to plan.一切都是按照计划进行的。
>Answer a fool according to his folly.以其人之道,还治其人之身。[f )li]n.愚蠢

account for 说明(原因等)[`kaunt]n.解释
>His illness accounts for his absence.他因病缺席。
英式思维:他的病解释为了他的缺席。提示:请养成用英语去思维,以便讲出地道的外语。

accustomed to 习惯于
>He is accustomed to rice.他习惯吃米饭。
英式思维:他他是习惯的对于米饭。提示:请养成用英语去思维,以便讲出地道的外语。
语法:主+系+表(形)+其他。要点:be+形+to或of...相当于汉语的动词用法
.....................................................
add up to 合计,总计
>All our efforts added up to zero.我们的一切努力为零。[`efэt]n.努力
英式思维:所有我们的努力加上等于O。提示:请养成用英语去思维,以便讲出地道的外语。
词法:句中all置于主语前充当同位语。
..................................
after a while 过了一分,不久
after all 终于,毕竟;虽然这样

ahead of 在...前面,先于
ahead of time 提前
all at once 突然,同时,一起

all out 全力以赴,竭尽全力
all over 遍及,到处
all right 行,可以;顺利,良好

all round 周围,处处
all the same 仍然,照样地
all the time 一直,始终
allow for 考虑到
along with 与...一起
and so forth 等等

and so on 等等
and so on/forth 等等
and then 而且,其欠,于是,然后
anything but 除...之外的任何东西
around the clock 昼夜不停地
..................................................................................

arrive at 达成,提出
as a matter of fact 其实,事实上
as a result 结果,因此,由于...的结果
as a rule 规章,规则,通常,照例
as far as/so far as 远至,到...程度

as follows 如下
as for 至于,就...方面说
as good as 和...几乎一样,实际上等于
as if 好像,仿佛
as long as /so long as 只要,如果

as regards=关于,至于
as soon as=一...就,刚...便
as though=好像
as though=好像,仿佛
as to=至于,关于

as usual=像往常一样,照例
as well=也,又
as well=同样地
as well as=(除...之处)也,即...又
as well as=既...又,除...之处(还)

as yet=到目前为止,到那时为止
as...as=像...一样
Aside from=除...以外
ask after=询问,问候
ask for=请求,要求

at (the) best=充其量,至多
at (the) worst=在最坏的情况下
at a loss=因惑,不知所措
at a time=每次,一次
at all=完全,根本

at all costs=不借任何代价,无论如何
at all events=无论为何
at any rate=无论如何,至少
at first=最初,首先
at first sight=乍一看,初看起来

at hand=在手边,在附近,即将到来
at heart=在内心,实质上
at home=在家,在国内;自在,自如
at intervals=不时,时时
at large=一般,大体上

at last=最,终于
at least=至少,最低限度
at length=终于,最后;详细地
at no time=从不,决不
at once=立刻,马上

at one time=同时,曾经,从前曾
at present=目前,现在
at random=随机地
at stake=在危险中,利害攸关
at the cost of=以...为代价

at the mercy of=在...支配下
at the moment=现在,此刻
at the same time=但是,然而
at times=有时
at work=在工作,忙于

attached to=附属于,隶属于

a cup of 一杯
a few 一点;一些
a little 有点;少量;稍微
a lot 大量

a lot of 大量;许多
....................
*a must try 不可不尝的(食物)
a number of 若干;许多
a pair of 一双;一对;一副
a set of 一套;一副
a slice of 一片
................
according to 根据……;按照
across from 在……对过
add … to … 把……加到……上
after all 毕竟
after class 课下
................
after school 放学后
agree with 同意;赞成;(与某人)意见一致
aim at 瞄准;针对
*alarm clocck 闹钟
all kinds of 各种各样的
........................
all over the world 全世界
all the time 一直;总是
all together 一起;总共
all year round 全年
*amusement park 儿童乐园;游乐场
...............
and so on 等等
argue with 与…吵架
around the world 全世界
as for 至于;关于
as well 也;并;和;同
.......................
as well as 也;还;而且
(not) as … as (不)像…一样
as… as possible 尽可能地
ask for 索要;要求
at a meeting 在开会
.............
at home 在家
at least 至少;最少
at night 夜里;晚上
at once 立即;马上
at present 目前;现在
.................
at school 在学校
at that time 那时
at the age of 在…几岁的时候
at the doctor's 在诊所;在医院
at the end of 在…末尾
......................
at the moment 此时;现在
at the same time 同时
......................
a bit 一点儿
a block of 一大块,一批,一组
a bottle of 一瓶
a burst of laughter爆发一阵笑声
a close game 势均力敌的比赛

a couple of 两个…;一对,一双;;[美口语]三两个…[=a few]
a cup of 一(茶)杯
a drop of 一滴
a few 一些,少数;几个
a gas station(汽油)加油站
a glass of一玻璃杯

a good many很多的;相当多的
a great deal(of)非常多;大量的
a group of一群(组)
a kind of一种,某种
a little一点儿

a lot=lots, very much许多,大量
a lot of =lots of, many, much许多
a moment ago刚才
a moment later过了一会
a number of许多,若干

a pair of一对,一双
a piece of 一张(片,块…)
a pile of一堆
a place of interest名胜
a relay race接力赛跑

a set of…一套…
a sort of一种,可以说是…的东西
a telephone call一个电话
a thousand times = thousands of times一千遍;千百倍;无数次
a type of一种类型

above all首先;首要;最重要的是
according to[加名词]按照,根据…(所说);视…而定
act as担任;充当
act out表演,比划着表达
add up to总计

adding machine加法机
after a time after while过了一段时间
after a while过了一会儿,不久
after all毕竟;终究
after school放学后,下课后

again and again再三地,反复地
agree on对…意见一致
agree with sb.同意某人的意见
ahead of 在…面前;优于;胜过
all along自始(就),一直,一贯

all by oneself独自地,独立地
all day整天
all day long整天,一天到晚
all day and all night整日整夜
all in white(全身)穿着白色衣服

all kinds of各种各样的
all night long整夜
all one’s life终生,一辈子
all over = everywhere遍及…的每一部分;浑身
all over the country遍及全国

all right行了;好吧;(病)好了
all round到处,处处
all sorts of各种各样的
all the same尽管;仍然;无关紧要;没有两样
all the time[指某段时间内]一直,不断地;始终,总是

all the year round一年到头,终年
all through自始自终
an English –Chinese dictionary一本英汉词典
an English evening英语晚会
an evening paper晚报

an hour’s ride 乘车一小时的路程
and so on等等;诸如此类
answer for对…负责;受到惩罚;得到报应
ant cow蚁牛
apart from除…之外;除开,且不谈;离开

arrive at(in)得出(结论);达到(团结等);抵达(某地)[=reach]
as…as与...一样
as…as possible尽可能...,尽量...
as far as到(某地点)为止;...那么远;在(某种程度,范围)内;就…而言

as if好象,好似
as soon as一...就...
as usual象往常一样;照例,照常
...as well as...除…之外…也

ask for请求;询问;向…要
at all根本,全然
at a street corner在街道拐角
at first起先,开始的时候
at home在家(里)
at home and abroad在国内外
at last最后;终于

at least至少;起码
at (the) most至多;到极限
at night在夜里
at noon在中午
at once=immediately立刻,马上
at one time同时;曾经,过去有个时期

at present目前,现在
at school在校学习;就学
at sunrise黎明时刻
at that time在那时

at the age of在...岁时
at the back of在...之后;支持;维护
at the beginning of起初;开始

at the cinema在电影院
at the doctor's在诊疗所;在医务室
at the edge of在…边上
at the end of在…末梢,在…的尽头
at the foot of在…脚下

at the mercy of在...支配或摆布下;在...掌握中
at the most至多,不超过
at the same time同时;但,然而
at the top of one's voice高声地(喊叫);使劲地(喊)
at the worst无论怎样坏(或恶劣)
at work在工作
................................................................................

back and forth=来回,往返,来来往往地
back down/off=放弃,让步,退却
back of=在...后部,在...背部
back up=支持,授助;倒退,后退

be about to=即将
be absorbed in=专心于
be bound to=到...去的,开往...的
be concerned with=关心,挂念,从事于
be fed up (with )=对...腻烦
be friends with=对...友好,与...交上朋友

be made up of=由...组成
bear/keep in mind=记住
because of=由于,因为
before long=不久以后
begin with=从...开始

both...and=即...又...,两个都
break away (from)=脱离,逃跑
break down=损坏,分解,瓦解
break in=强行进入,闯入;打断,插嘴

break into=闯入
break off=断绝,结束
break out=逃出,突然发生,爆发
break through=突破

break up=中止,结束;打碎,拆散
break down=垮,衷竭;损坏,故障,倒塌
bring about=带来,造成
bring down=打倒,挫伤;降低
bring forth=产生,提出
bring forward=提出

bring out=使出现,使显明;公布,出版
bring to=使恢复知觉
bring up=教育,培养,使成长
bring/carry into practice=实施,实行
build up== 积累,堵塞;树立, 增进,锻炼

burn out=烧掉
burn up==烧起来,旺起来;烧完,烧尽
but for=除...以外,倘没有,除非
by all means=无论如何
by chance=偶然,碰巧
by comparison=比较起来

by far=...得多,最
by hand=用手
by heart=牢记,凭记忆
by itself=独自,单独
by means of=用...办法
by mistake=错误地

by no means=决不
by oneself=独自地,单独地
by reason of=由于
by the way=顺便提一下,另处
by turns=轮流,交替地
by virtue of=由于
by way of=经由,通过...方式

back and forth来回,往复,前后[=to and fro]
back out退出;倒退出去
be able to能;回
be about to do = be going to do = be on the point of doing即将,正要

be afraid (of)恐怕,害怕
be after寻找;寻求
be angry at因某事而生气
be angry with对某人发怒

be anxious about担心,为…忧虑
be anxious for急切盼望,渴望
be anxious to do sth.渴望做某事
be born出生于
be busy doing忙于做

be busy with忙于
be careful(of)当心,小心
be clever at擅长于
be connected with与…有关系
be covered with被…覆盖
be famous for以…著名

be fit for适合;胜任
be fond of喜欢;爱好
be frightened(of)害怕
be full of[=be filled with]充满

be glad to高兴
be going to do打算,即将;将要;正要
be good at在…方面(学得,做得)好;善于
be in在家
be back回来
be out出去

be in love with跟…恋爱
be interested in对…感兴趣
be late for迟到
be made from由…制成,用(原料)制成
be made of由…制(构)成
be made up of由…组成;由…构成

be obliged to do sth.被迫做某事;不得不做某事
be off duty下班
be on进行
be on duty值班,上班
be on show展览
be on strike在罢工

be out of sight看不见
be over完了,结束
be pleased with高兴
be prepared for…对…作好准备
be proud of 以…自豪,因…感到得意

Be quiet!安静
be ready(for…)准备好了
be read to do sth.准备好(做);乐意(做)
be satisfied with对…感到满意
be seated就坐;坐下
be sick of渴望

be strict with…对…要求严格
be sure确信,有把握
be surprised感到惊奇
be tired of厌烦…,对…厌倦

be torn open被撕开
be unfit for不适合;不胜任
be up to sb.由某人负责;由某人决定
be used to doing sth.习惯于做…

be worried about为某事烦恼,为某事担心
because of因为
before long不久以后
beg one’s pardon请某人再说一遍;请某人原谅
believe in相信;信任
believe it or not信不信由你

belong to属于
bit by bit一点一点地,渐次
black and blue青一块,紫一块
blow out吹灭,打穿
both…and…两个都,既…又…
break away from脱离(政党等);打破(陈套等)

break in打扰,闯进
break into破门而入,闯入
break out(战争,火灾,疫病等)突然发生,爆发
break the law违反法律

bring about惹起,引起;使发生
bring into(和各种名词连用)使进入某种状态
bring out取出来
bulletin board布告牌

burst forth突然发生;突然爆发
bus stop公共汽车站
by air乘飞机
by and by不久以后

by bus乘公共汽车(去或来)
by far最,…得多
by hand用手
by mistake由于差错,错误地
by night在夜间
by oneself独自地,单独地

by plane乘飞机
by spaceship乘宇宙飞船
by the end of在…结束时;到…末为止
by the side of在…旁边;在…附近
by the time…到…的时候
by the way顺便说,顺便问一下

by then到那时
by this means通过这种方式
by train乘火车
by underground乘地(下)铁(道)
*babysit sb 照顾(婴幼儿)

bank clerk 银行职员
*barber shop 理发店;理发厅
......................
*baseball bat 棒球球棒
baseball game 棒球比赛
basketball game 篮球赛
be able to 有能力做某事
be afraid to 害怕去做…

be angry with 对...感到生气;愤怒
be bad for 对...有害;有坏处的
be from 来自
be going to 将要;打算
be good at 擅长;在……方面做的好

be good for 对……有益;对……有好处
*be in agreement 意见一致
be in bed 上床睡觉
be interested in 对……感兴趣;喜欢做……
be mad at 对……非常愤怒、恼火

be made from 由……制成;由……构成
be off 离开;走开
be proud of 为.…..感到骄傲;为…...感到自豪
*be strict with 对……要求严格
*be supposed to 应该……;被期望(做)……

*be terrified of 害怕……;恐惧……
be used for 用来做……
be used to doing 习惯于做某事
be/get used to … 习惯于……
because of 因为

*begin with 以……开始
*Beijing Opera 京剧
belong to 属于
billions of 数以亿计的;许多的
*boarding school (供学生膳宿之)寄宿学校

break down 损坏;坏掉
break off 突然终止;中断
break the rules 违反规则
bus station 汽车站
bus stop 汽车站

by accident 偶然;意外
by boat 乘坐小船
by bus 乘坐公共汽车
by mistake 错误地
by oneself 靠自己
by the way 顺便说一句
...................................................................................

call for=邀请;要求,需要
call forth=唤起,引起;振作起,鼓起
call off=放弃,取消
call on/upon=访问,拜访;号召,呼吁
call up召集,动员;打电话;镇静的,沉着的

can't /couldn't help=禁不住;不得不
Care for=照管,关心;喜欢,意欲
carry off=夺去
carry on=继续下去,坚持下去;从事,经营
carry out=贯彻,执行,实现

carry/bring into effect=使生效,使起作用
catch fire=着火
catch on=理解,明白
catch one's breath=屏息,歇口气
catch one's eye=引人注目

catch sight of=发现,突然看见
catch up with=追上,赶上
check in=办理登记手续
check out== 结帐后离开;检查,核查
check up / (up)on=校对,检查,检验

cheer up=使高兴,使振奋;振作起来
clear away=扫聊,收拾
clear up=整理,收拾;清除,解除;解
come around=来访,前来;苏醒,复原
come off=实现,成功,终于

come on=请,来吧,快点,来临;出场,上演
come out=出版,出现,显露,长出;结果是
come through=经历,脱险
come to=总计,达到;苏醒,复原
come to the point=说到要点,扼要地说

come true=实现,达到
come up=走近,上来;发生,被提出
come up to=达到,符合
come up with=提出,提供
come/go into force=生效,实施

come/go into operation=开始运转,开工
compare...to=把...比作
count on=依靠,期待,指望
count up=把...相加
cover up=掩饰,掩盖

Credit card=信用卡
cross out=删去,取消
cut across=走捷径,抄近路
cut back=削减,减少
cut down=削减,降低

cut in=(汽车)抢挡;插嘴,打断
cut off=切断,使隔绝;删去;打断,停止
cut out=删除
cut short=突然停止
cut short=中断,简化

call at[=visit]拜访(家里),访问(某地)
call for需要,要求,去接(某人),去找(某人)同往某处,去拿(物件)
call in请(专家,医生等)
call on号召
call out大声叫喊

call up给(某人)打电话;召唤;使人想起
cannot help doing不得不…,禁不住做…
care for关心;照顾;喜欢
carry on进行下去,继续下去

carry out进行,开展;执行(计划,命令)
cast a net 撒网
catch a cold伤风,感冒
catch hold of抓住
catch sight of看到;发现
catch up with赶上

change…into把…变成
change one’s mind改变主意,变卦
Christmas card 圣诞卡
Christmas Eve圣诞节前夕(十二月二十四日)
Class is over.下课了。
close in围拢,迫近
close to接近于;在附近

come across碰见,(偶尔)遇见;穿过
come along快点;来吧
come back回来
come back to life苏醒过来;复活
come down下来

come for来取(物);来接(人)
come from出生于,(某地)人产地
come in进来
come into being(事物,局面等)形成,产生
come into power当权;上台
come on来到,跟随;上演,登场;赶快!来吧!

come out出来
come to a stop停住
come to an end结束;告终;收场
come to light显露出来,出现
come to school到校

come to the rescue救援;营救;帮助
come true(梦,预言等)成为事实,应验
come up走过来;走近(从土中)长出,发芽
compare…to…把…比作…
compare with…与…相比
connect…with把…连接起来
cry out大声呼喊
cut away砍掉,剪掉

cut down砍掉,砍伐(树木);缩减(费用)
cut off切断;割掉;截断(退路等)
call the police 打电话给警察
call up 打电话
care about 担心;关心
care for 关怀;照顾

cheer up 使振奋;使高兴起来
Chinese-English Dictionary 汉英词典
Chrismas Day 圣诞节
clean out 清除;打扫干净
clean up (把……)打扫干净;梳理整齐;整顿;清理

close to 靠近;接近
come along 出现;陪伴;过来
come down to 到达
come from 来自;从…来
come out 出版;发表

come over to 从一个地方来到另一个地方;过来
come true (梦想等)实现;成为现实
come up with (针对问题等)提出;想出
*communicate with 与…沟通
*complain about 抱怨…

*computer game 电子游戏
*computer programmer 电脑程序设计人;程序师
computer science 计算机科学
*concentrate on 全神贯注;专心于
*conversation practice 对话练习

*credit card 信用卡
cut hair 理发;剪头发
*cut in line 插队;加塞
*cut prices 减价
cut up 切碎
..................................................................................
D
deal with=处理,对付,安排
derive from=导出;由...来
die down===渐渐消失,平息
die out=消灭,灭绝
do away with=废除,去掉

do without=没有...也行
do/try one's best=尽力,努力
double up=弯腰,把...折起来
draw in=(火车,汽车)到站
draw up=写出,画出;草拟;停住

dress up=穿上盛装,打扮得漂漂亮亮
drop by/in=顺便来访
drop off=减弱,减少
drop out=退出,离队
due to== 由于,因为

dash away飞快地跑开
day and night日日夜夜
Dear me .呵!哎呀!
depend on依赖,依靠

devote oneself to献身于,致力于;专心于
die down(声音)消失;凋落;(火)渐熄
die from(of)死于…,因…而死
die out消灭,死绝

dip into看一看,浏览
divide…into…把…分成…
do a good deed做一件好事
do harm to损害…,伤害…
do one’s best尽力

do one’s duty尽自己的责任,尽职
do one’s homework做作业
do one’s lessons做(预习或复习)功课
do(some)cleaning扫除
do some cooking做饭(菜)

do some reading(进行)阅读,看点书
do some sewing做针线活,缝补衣服
do some shopping买东西
so some speaking说说
so some washing洗衣服

so sb. a favor帮某人一个忙
so will in 在…干得好
so wrong做错事;做坏事
sozens of几十;许多

draw a conclusion得出结论
draw near接近,临近
dream of渴望,向往
drive off赶走

drive sb. mad使某人发狂
drop in顺便走访
during the course of在…的过程中;在…期间
day off 一天的假

deal with 安排;处理
decide on 决定
*department store 百货商店;百货公司
depend on 依靠,依赖

different from 与…不同
disscuss sth 讨论…
*DJ=disc jockey 音乐节目主持人
do chores 做家务
do homework 做作业

do one's best 尽力
do some reading 读书
do some shopping 购物
do the dishs (饭后)洗餐具
do the laundry 洗衣服

do well in 在某方面做得好;擅长
dress up 盛装;打扮;装饰
drop by 访问;拜访
*drop litter 乱仍东西
drop off (口)让…下车;从(交通工具上)下来
.....................................................................................
E
each other=互相
enjoy oneself=过得快乐
even if/ though=即使,虽然
even then=即使那样,边...都
ever since=从那时起,自那时以来

every now and then=有时,时时,偶尔
every other=每隔一个的
except for=除...之外
each other彼此
earn one’s living谋生
eat up吃光
either…or…或者…或者…
enjoy oneself=have a good time过得快乐

even if…=even though…即使,纵然
ever since从那时起一直到现在
every now and then有时,偶尔;每隔一些时候
each other 彼此;互相
eat out 在外面吃饭
eating habit 饮食习惯

*elementary school 小学
end up 结束;告终
*endangered animal 濒危动物
enjoy doing 喜欢做…;乐于做…

even if 即使;即便
even though 即使;纵然;尽管
every day 每天
*exchange student 交换生
.................................................................................


face to face=面对面地
face up to=大胆面对
fail to=未能
fair play=公平的竞赛,公平对待,光明磊落

fall in love (with)=相爱,爱上
far from=远非,远离
feel like=欲,想要
fill in /out=填充,填写
find fault=埋怨,挑剔
find out=查明

first of all=首先,第一
flare up=突然燃起来;突然发怒
for (the) purpose of=为了
for a moment=片刻,一会儿
for a while=暂时,一时

for ever=永远
for example=例如
for good=永久地
for instance=例如,举例说
for long=长久地

for one thing=首先,一则
for short=简称,缩写
for the moment=现在,暂时
for the present=目前,暂时

for the sake of=为了...起见,看在...的份上
for the time being=目前,暂时
from time to time=有时,不时
fairy tales神话故事
fall asleep睡着

fall back撒退,后退
fall behind落后,跟不上
fall down倒下;伏下
fall in love with爱上(某人)

fall on one’s knees跪下
far away很远
feed…to把…喂给
feel like想要…似的;摸起来象是…
feel sick觉得恶心
fight back还击

figure out 估计;算出;断定;弄清楚
fill…with…把…装满
find out找出,发现。查出(真相等)
fit in with 适应,适合
fix on 注视;把(注意力,感情)集中于…

fix upon注视,凝视
fix ever永远
for example 例如
for instance例如

for oneself 独自,独立地;亲自
for the first time第一次,首次
from hand to hand从一人之手转到他人之手
from now on 从今以后,从现在起

from then on从那时起
from time to tine不时地
from …to…从…到…
(be) full of充满
fall in love with 喜爱;爱上

fall into 落入;陷入
family dinner 家宴
far away 远离;遥远的
fashion show 时装表演会
fast food 快餐

feed the dog 喂狗
feel like 感到
feel sick 感到恶心
fill out 填充;填出

fill up 填满;装满;充满
fill with 用……填充
first name 名
*first-aid 急救

first of all 首先;第一
fix up 修理;修补
*flight attendant 机组乘务员
fly kites 放风筝
*flying disk 飞碟

for a while 暂时;一会儿;一段时间
for example 例如;比如
for instance 例如;比如
for the first time 第一次(做某事)

for the reason 因为
*Forbidden City 紫禁城
*French fries 炸薯条
*fried rice 炒米饭
full moon 满月
*furniture store 家具店
.....................................................................................
G
gain/have an advantage=胜过,优于
get across=解释清楚,使人了解
get along/on with=有进展,有进步;生活得
get around/round=走动,旅行(消息)传开

get around/round to=找时间做,开始考虑
get at=得到,接近;意思是
get away=逃脱,离开
get by=通过,经过

get down=从...下来;写下
get down to=开始,着手
get hold of=抓住,掌握
get in=进入;收获,收集
get into=进入,陷入

get off=从...下来,离开,动身,开始
get out of=逃避,改掉
get over=克服,(从病中)恢复过来
get rid of=摆脱,除去
get the best of=胜过

get the better of=打败,智胜
get the better of=占上风,胜过
get through=结束,完成;接通电话
get together=集合,聚集
get up=起床,增加

get/learn by heart=记住,背诵
give away=泄露;赠送
give back=送还,恢复
give in=交上;投降,屈服
give off=放出,释放

give oneself away=泄露,露马脚
give oneself up=自首,投降,投案
give out=分发,放出
give rise to=引起,使发生;造成
give up=停止,放弃

give way=让路,让步
give way to=给...让路/让步;被...代替
go after=追求
go ahead=开始,前进,领先
go along with=陪同前往,随行

go back on=违背
go by=过去
go down=下降,降低;被载人,传下去
go for=竭力想取得,喜爱,支持,拥护
go in for=从事,致力于,追求,沉迷于

go into=进入,研究,调查
go off=爆炸,发射;动身,离开
go on=继续,发生
go out=外出,熄灭

go over=检查,审查;复习,重温
go through=经历,经受,详细检查
go under=下沉,沉没;失败,破产
go up=上升,增加;建起

go with=伴随,与...协调
go without=没有...也行
go wrong=发生故障,出毛病
good for=有效,适用,胜任

gasp at因为…(痛苦,惊奇等)而屏息(喘气)
get along(on)with进展
get back取回;回来

get better(健康)好转,渐渐恢复
get hold of握,抓住
get in收获;收割
get in a word插话

get in one’s way妨碍某人
get into 进入
get into trouble with惹某人麻烦,和某人闹纠纷
get off下车;从…下来
get on上车

get on well with与…相处融洽
get out离开,出去
get out of下(车);由…出来;摆脱
get ready for为…准备好

get rid of除掉,去掉
get through(使)通过
get to 到达
get to know认识
get up起床
get used to习惯于…

get well恢复健康
give a concert举行音乐会
give a talk演讲,做报告
give in屈服,让步

give lessons to给…上课
give off发出(蒸气,光等)
give one’s life for为…而献身
give out用完,耗尽;精疲力竭
give sb. advice给某人提意见

give up放弃
glare at向人瞪眼,怒目注视
go all out[口语]全力以赴
go back回去,回(到…);回顾,追溯(到…)

go bad腐烂,腐败
go boating去划船
go by(时间)过去;经过(地点)
go down下去;(船等)下沉

go down on one’s knees跪下
go fishing(去)钓鱼
go home回家
go hungry挨饿
go hunting去打猎

go in for酷爱,爱好;追求;参与,从事;赞成
go on继续
go on doing继续做
go on strike举行罢工

go on with one’s work继续自己的工作
go out(灯,火)熄灭
go out for a walk 出去散步
go over过一遍,复习;走到另一边去;改变立场
go shopping去买东西
go skating(去)滑冰
go swimming(去)游泳

go through 通过,仔细查看
go to bed上床,去睡
go to college 上大学
go to school上学

go to sleep入睡,睡着
go to the cinema上电影院,去看电影
go up上升,上涨;攀登;进入(在学)
game show 游戏节目
get a cold 得感冒

get a good view of 能够清楚地看到……的景色
get a ride 搭车
get along with 与……相处
*get an education 受教育
get angry 变得生气

*get annoyed 变得气恼
get back 回来
get good grades 取得好成绩
get in the way of 妨碍
*get indured 受伤

get mad 变疯;变的恼怒
get married 结婚
get on (与某人)相处
get out of 从...出去

get over 恢复;克服(疾病、惊讶、损失等)
get tired 感觉疲惫
get to 到达;开始;着手
get together 聚集
get up 起床

give advice 提建议
give away 分配;分送;赠送
give out 分发;发放
give sb suggestions 给建议
give sb. a ride 让某人搭便车

give up 放弃
go away 离开
go bike riding 骑自行车旅行
go by (指时间)过去;消逝
go camping 去野营
go fishing 去钓鱼

go for 去做;努力去获得
go for a drive 开车兜风
go for walks 去散步
*go hiking 去远足
go home 回家

*go native 入乡随俗
go off (闹钟)闹响
go out 外出
go shopping 去购物

*go sightseeing 去观光旅行
go skating 去滑冰
go swimming 去游泳
go to a movie 去看电影
go to bed 上床睡觉

go to church 做礼拜
go to college 上大学
go to school 去上学
go to sleep 入睡

go to the concert 去听音乐会
go to the doctor 看病
go to work 去上班
go together 相配;调和

*going Dutch 各自付账;AA制
*gold medal 金牌
good idea 好主意
good-looking 好看的;漂亮的
grow up 长大
....................................................................................


had better=最好还是,应该
hand down=留传下来,传给,往下传
hand in=交上,递交
hand in hand=携手;结合起来,联合
hand on=传下来,依次传递

hand out=分发,散发,发给
hand over=交出,移交,让与
hang about=闲荡
hang back=踌躇不前,退缩

hang on=持续,坚持下去
hang up=挂,吊<物>,拖延...,中止,搁置
hardly any=几乎没有,几乎什么也不
hardly...before/when=刚一...就...
have in mind=记住,考虑到,想到
have nothing to do with=和...毫无关系
have on=穿着,戴着

have something to do with=和...有点关系
have to/have got to=不得不,必须
have... to do with=与...有关
have/gain access to=可以获得
head for=出发,动身,前往
head on=朝前,迎面

heart and soul=全心全意
help oneself=自取所需(食等)
here and there=处处
hold back=跨躇,退缩;阻止,抑制
hold on=继续,掘住不放

hold on to=紧紧抓住,坚持
hold out=维持,支持;坚持,不屈服
hold up=举起,阻挡, 使停止;抢劫,拦截
hot dog=红肠面包,小红肠

how about=...如何,...怎样
how do you do=你好
hurry up=(使)赶紧,(使)匆忙,仓促
had better最好(做…)
half an hour半小时

half an hour’s walk半小时的路程
hand in交进来,交纳
hand out分发
have a bath洗个澡,冲个凉

have a cold感冒
have a cough咳嗽
have a fever发烧,发热

have a good time玩得很高兴,过得很愉快
have (have got) a headache头痛
have a look看一看
have a match举行(进行)一场比赛

have a meeting开会
have a race赛一赛
have a rest休息一会儿
have a swim游泳
have a talk谈话

have a test进行测验(考查,试验)
have a try试一试
have a walk散散步
have a word with和某人说句话
have an English class上英语课

have been to…(曾经)去过…,刚刚去过…
have breakfast吃早饭
have classes上课
have dinner吃晚饭(或午饭)(指一日中的主餐)

have got(口语)=have有
have got to do(口语)=have to do必须,不得不
have great fun极为快乐
have lessons上课
have lunch吃午饭

have mercy on sb.=show mercy on sb.可怜惜某人,怜悯某人
have nothing on什么也没有穿,一丝不挂
have nothing to do with和…无关
have…on=be wearing穿着;戴着
have one’s seat坐(某人的)座位

have pity on…可怜(某人)
*hair band 发带
*hair stylist 发型师;美容师
hand out 分发;发放
hang out (俚语)经常出没;闲荡

hardly ever 几乎不
hard-working 努力工作的;勤勉的
have a cold 患感冒
have a favor 劳驾;请您帮个忙

have a fight with 打架/吵架
have a look at 看一看
have a party 举行晚会
have a piano lesson 上钢琴课
have a picnic 去野餐

*have a sore throat 嗓子疼
have concerts 举办音乐会
have fun 玩得高兴
*have opposite views 有不同观点
have to 必须;不得不

head teacher 班主任
healthy food 健康食品;保健品
hear about 听说
help with 在某方面帮助
hold a contest 举办一场比赛

*hold art exhibitions 办艺术展览
hot dog 热狗
hot pot 火锅
how far 多远
how long 多久

how many 多少
how much 多少(接不可数名词)
how often 多久一次
how old 多大年纪;几岁
*hum songs 哼歌
hundreds of 好几百,许许多多
.....................................................................................

I.D. card=身份证
if only=只要
improve on=改进
in (the )future=今后,将来
in a hurry=匆忙地,立即

in a moment=立刻,马上
in a sense=从某种意义上说
in a way=在某点,在某种程度上
in a word=总而言之

in accordance with 与....一致
in addition 另外
in addition to 除...之外
in advance 提前,预先
in all=总共,共计

in any case 无论如何,总之
in any event 无论如何
in brief=简单地说,简言之
in bulk 散装;大批,大量
in case 假如,以防(万一),免得
in case of 假使,万一

in charge of 负责,主管
in common 共用,共有,共同
in conclusion 最后,总之
in connection with/to=关于
in consequence=因此,结果

in consequence of 由于...的缘故
in contrast with/to 与...成反比
in danger 在危险中,垂危
in debt=欠债,欠情
in detail 详细地

in difficulty ties 困难,困境,难题
in effect 有效;实际上
in essence 大体上,本质上
in excess of 超过
in fact 其实,实际上

in favour of 有利于,有利的,顺利的
in force 有效,实施中
in front of 在...前面
in general 通常,大体上

in hand=在掌握中,在控制中
in honour of=为纪念,向...表示敬意
in itself=本身
in line=成一直线,排成一行
in line with=和...成直线,排成一行
in memory of=纪念

in nature=本质上
in no case=决不
in no time=立即,马上
in no way=决不

in one's way/in the way 妨碍,阻碍
in order 秩序井然,整齐
in order that 以便
in order to 以便,为了

in other words 换句话说,也就是说
in particular 特别地,尤其,详细地
in person 亲自
in place 在适当的位置
in place of 代替

in practice 在实践中,实际上
in proportion (to) (与...)成比例的
in public 公开地,当众
in question=正在考虑
in return=作为回报,作为报答
in secret=秘密地,私下地

in sequence=依次,逐一
in shape=处于良好状态
in short=简言之,总之
in sight=在望,看得见

in spite of=不管,不顾,尽管,虽然
in stock=现有,备有
in sum=总而言之
in tears=流着泪

in terms of=依据,按照;用...措词
in the air=在流行中,在传播中
in the course of=在...过程中,在...期间
in the distance=在远处
in the end=最后,终于

in the event of=万一,如果发生
in the face of=面对,在...面前;不顾,即使
in the first place=起初,首先
in the last place=最后

in the least=一点,丝毫
in the light of=按照,根据
in the long run=最终,从长远观点看来
in the past=在过去

in the way of=妨碍
in the world=到底,究竟
in time=及时,适时地
in truth=实际上,的确

in turn=依次,轮流
in vain=徒劳,无效
in/with relation to=关系到
instead of=代替,而不是
ice cream 冰激凌

*ice hockey 冰上曲棍球
*ice skating 滑冰
ID card 身份证
in a minute 立刻;马上

in a word 一句话;简言之
in class 课上;上课时
in common 共同的;共有的
in different ways 以不同方式
in English 用英语

in fact 事实上
in front of 在…前面
*in general 通常;大体上;一般而言
in good health 身体健康

in hospital 住院
in order to 为了
in public 在公共场合
in search of 寻找;寻求

in silence 沉默地,无声地
in some ways 在某些方面
*in style 时髦
in the end 最后;终于
in the future 将来

in the middle of 在中间;在中央
in the past 在过去
*in the slightest 一点也;根本
in this way 这样

in those days 在当时
*inline skating 纵列式滑冰
instead of 代替;而不是
invite… to… 邀请…去…
....................................................................................
J
just now=刚才,一会儿以前
jump down 跳下来
*junk food 垃圾食品
....................................................................................
K
keep an eye on=留意,照看
keep back=阻止,阻挡;隐瞒,保留
keep company with=与...交往,与...结伴
keep down=控制,压制,镇压;放低(声音)
keep from=使...不(做)

keep house=管理家务,做家务
keep in touch=保持联系
keep off=不接近,避开
keep on=继续不断,保持

keep one's head=保持镇静
keep one's word=守信用
keep out of=躲开,置身...之外
keep to=坚持,保持

keep track=通晓事态,注意动向
keep up=保持,维持;继续进行,坚持
keep up with=向...看齐,跟上...
keep/hold pace with=跟上,与...同步

knock down=撞倒,击倒
knock out=击倒,击昏
known as=被认为是,被称为
keep fit 保持健康

keep out 留在外面;置身于外;不许进入
keep quiet 保持安静
*key ring 钥匙圈
kind of 有点儿;稍微
knock down 击倒;撞倒
knock into 撞上(某人)
.....................................................................................
L
lay aside=把<东西> (暂时地) 堆置一边
lay down=安装、建造、铺设
lay off=解雇
lay out=陈列,布局

lead the way=带路,引路
leave alone=不管
leave behind==遗落
leave out=遗漏,略去

lend itself to=适宜于,对...有用
let alone=听其自然;更不用说
let alone=不干涉;更不用说
let down=放下,降低;使失望

let go=放开,松开
let in=让...进入,放...进来
let loose=放开,放松,释放
let off=放(炮,烟火),开(枪);宽

let out=恕,从宽处理;免除
lie in=在于
line up=排队,使排成一行
little by little=逐渐地

live on /by=靠...生活,以......为食
live through=度过,经受过
look after=照管,照料
look at=看望,注视

look back=回顾,回头看
look down on=看不起,轻视
look for=寻找,寻求
look forward to=盼望,期待

look in=顺便看望
look into=调查,观察,过问,窥视
look on=帝观,观看;看待;视作
look out=留神,注意,提防,警惕

look over=检查,查看,调查
look through=仔细杳看,浏览,温习
look up=查阅,查考;寻找(某人)
look up to=尊敬,敬仰

lose heart=丧失勇气,失去信心
lose one's head=不知所措
lost one's temper=发怒,发脾气
lost track=失去联系

lots of=大量,很多
*Lantern Festival 元宵节
last name 姓
late to class 上课迟到
later on 以后;随后

laugh at 笑话;取笑(某人)
learn about 了解
learn by heart 记住;背诵
learn from 向……学习
leave for 离开去某地

leave out 忽略;遗漏;排除
*leaving a tip 给小费
leisure time 空闲时间

let … down 使……失望或沮丧
let in 允许进入;允许参加
let know 告知;使知晓
let's=let us 我们(去)……吧!

lie down 躺下
light up 使明亮;照亮
likes and dislikes 好恶;爱憎
listen to 听

living room 起居室;客厅
look after 照顾;照看
look at 看
look for 寻找

look forward to 盼望;期待(某事)
look through 粗略看一遍;浏览;仔细检查
look up 查字典
look up to 尊敬
lost and found 失物招领
lots of = a lot of 许多
*lunar calender 阴历
.....................................................................................
M
make a face=做鬼脸
make a/the difference=有影响,很重要
make believe=假装
make for=走向,驶向;有助于,有利于
make friends=交朋支,友好相处

make fun of=取笑;嘲弄
make one's way=前进,行进
make out=辨认,区分;理解,开列,书写
make progress=进步

make sense=讲得通,有意义,言之有理
make sure=确认
make sure of/that=确信;确定,务必
make the best of=充分利用,妥善处理
make the most of=尽量利用

make up=构成,组成,拼凑;弥补
make up for=补偿,弥补
make up one's mind=下决心
make use of=利用

make way=开路,让路
mark time=原地跳步,停止不前,抢延
matter of fact=实情情况,真相
mix up=混合,混淆,搞糊涂

more and more=越来越
more or less=或多或少
*main course 主食;主菜
*major in 主修;专研
make...do... 让...做...

make a decision 作决定;下决心
make a difference 使得结果不同;有重要性
make a living 谋生;以……为生
*make complete sentences 造完整句子
make dinner 做饭

*make flashcards 做抽认卡
make friends with 和…交朋友
make mistakes 犯错;出错
make money 赚钱;挣钱

make noise 发出令人不愉快的声音
make progress 提高
make sb laugh 让某人发笑
make the bed 铺床
*make time for 腾出时间(做某事)
make up 组成;构成

*make vocabulary lists 列词汇表
math book 数学书
*microwave oven 微波炉
*Mid-Autumn Festival 中秋节
mix up 混合在一起
moon cake 月饼

more than 超过;多于
most of 大多数
move away 搬走
movie star 电影明星
*musical instrument 乐器
....................................................................................
N
never mind=不要紧,没关系
next door=隔壁的
no doubt=无疑,必定
no less than=不亚于
no longer=T]'l08g2=不再,已不

no matter=无论
no more=不再
no more than=不过,仅仅,和...一样不
no sooner...than=不久,即刻;早,快

no wonder=难怪,怪不得
not as/so...as=不如...那样
not at all=一点也不
not only ...but (also)=不仅...而且...

nothing but=只是,不过是
now and then=时而,不时
now that=既然,由于
name after 以……命名

*native speaker 说本族语的人
next to 在…旁边
no longer 不再;已不
no problem 没问题

North America 北美洲
not … any more 不再;已不
not at all 根本不;一点儿也不
not really 事实上不是(或不会,没有)
...................................................................................
O
occur to=被想到,被想起
of course=T]2v'k0:s=当然,自然,无疑
off and on=断断续续,不时地
off duty=下班

on (the/an) average=平均,一般说来
on a large scale=大规模地
on a small scale=小规模地
on account of=因为,由于
on behalf of=代表,为了
on board=在船(车,飞机)上
on business=因公,因事

on condition that=在...条件下
on duty=值班,上班
on earth=究竟
on fire=着火
on foot=步行

on guard=警惕,防范
on hand=在手边,临近
on occasion=有时,不时
on one's honour=以名誉担保

on one's own=独自地,独立地
on purpose=故意,有意
on sale=出售,贱卖
on schedule=按预定时间

on second thoughts=经重新考虑,一转念
on the basis of=根据,在...的基础上
on the contrary=反之,正相反
on the point of=即将...的时候
on the road=在旅途中

on the side=作为兼职,额外
on the sly=偷偷地,冷不防地
on the spot=当场,在现场
on the whole=总的来说
on time=准时

on top of=在...之上
once (and )for all=一劳永逸,限此一次
once in a while=偶尔,有时
once more=再一次,又一次
once upon a time=从前

one after another=一个接一个
one another=相互
or else=否则,要不然
or so=大约,左右
other than=不同于

out of=丧失,失去;缺乏,没有
out of breath=喘不过气来,上气不接下气
out of control=失去控制
out of danger=脱离危险

out of date=过时
out of doors=在户外
out of order=发生故障,失调
out of place=不得其所的,不适当的
out of practice=久不练习,荒疏

out of sight=看不见,在视野之外
out of step=步调不一致,不协调
out of touch=失去联系
out of work=失业

of course 当然
*old people's home 老年之家
*Olympic Games 奥林匹克世界运动会(简称奥运会)
on a farm 在农场

*on display 展览;陈列
on the one hand 一方面
on the other hand 另一方面
on the phone 在通电话

on the weekend 在周末
on this day 在这一天
on time 准时
on top 在顶上

on vacation 在度假
one-way street 单向街道,步行街
*open up one's eyes 开阔眼界
*openning question 开场白;起始句
out of 由……里面向外;在……之外
*out of style 过时的;落伍的
over and over 一遍遍地
.....................................................................................
P
pass away=去世,逝世
pass off=中止,停止
pass out=失去知觉,昏倒
pay attention to=注意
pay back=偿还,回报

pay off=还清(债),给清工资后遗散
pay up=全部付清
pick out=挑出,选出
pick up=拾起,拣起;中途带人
play with player=以...为消遣,玩弄

point out=指出
post office=邮局
primary school=小学
pull down=拆毁,拉倒;拉下,降低
pull in=(车)停下,进站,(船)到岸
pull off=脱(帽、衣等)
pull on=穿、戴

pull out=拔出,抽出,取出;(车、船等)驶出;(车辆)减速
pull up=(使)停下
put across=解释清楚,说明
put aside=储存,保留

put away=放好,收好;储存
put down=记下,放下;镇压,平定
put forward=提出
put in=驶进

put in for=申请
put in order=整理,检修
put into effect=实行,生效
put off=推迟,推延

put on=穿上,戴上;上演;增加(体重)
put out=熄灭,消灭,关灯;出版,发布;生产
put to use=使用,利用
put up=提出,举起,升起,提价;建造
为...提供食宿,投宿,
put up with=容忍,忍受

put/bring into operation=使投入生产,使运转
P.E.=physical education 体育
paper money 纸币;钞票
part-time job 兼职

pass on 把……传给另一个;转移
pay attention to 对...注意;留心
pay for 为……而付款
pay phone (投币式)公用电话
pay the bill 付帐;买单

pen friend (pal) 笔友
pencil case 铅笔盒
*pencil sharpener 铅笔刀
phone number 电话号码
*photo album 相集;相册

pick up 捡起;拾起
plan to do 计划做…
play an instrument 演奏乐器
play soccer 踢(英式)足球

play sports 做运动
*play trick on 开……玩笑
play with 与……玩耍
plenty of 很多的;足够的
point at 指向

*polar bear 北极熊
police officer (男或女)警察
police station 警察局;派出所
post office 邮局

pour… into 把…倒入…
prepare for 为……做好准备
*primary school 小学

*pros and cons 赞成与反对
*provide with 给...提供;以...装备
pull down 拆掉
put … into 把…放进…

put in 放进;插入;进入
put off 推迟;拖延
put on 穿上
put up 展示;张贴
....................................................................................
Q
quite a few=还不少,有相当数目的
quite a little=相当多,不少
....................................................................................
R
radio station 广播台;电台
*raise money for charity 为慈善募捐
rather than 与其……(不如……);不是……(而是……)
remind of 提醒;使记起
report card 成绩报告单
return to 回到…
ride one's bike 骑车

right away 立刻;马上
right now 立即;此刻
run away 跑开;迅速离开;逃走
run off 跑掉;迅速离开

run out of (贮存物、供应品等)用尽;缺乏
refer to=参考,查阅,涉及,提到,把...提交
refer to ...as=把...称作,把...当作
right away=立即,马上

ring off=挂断电话
rub out=擦掉,试去
run down=撞倒,停掉,撞沉;追捕,追
run for=竞选

run into=撞上,偶然碰见
run off=复印,打印
run out of=用完,用尽,耗尽
run over=溢出,满出;略读,略述;辗过,
浏览,匆匆复习
run short=用完,耗尽
..................................................................................
S
*sales assistant 售货员
school bus 校车
school day 学校上课日
school night 学生有课的晚上

school party 校会
school play 校园剧
school team 校队
school trip 郊游
*science fiction 科幻小说

seem like 好像…
send… to… 派/送…去…
set off 激起;引起
*set tables 将餐具放在餐桌上
set up 建立;创立;开办

y 握手
show up 出席;露面
small talk 闲聊
snow globe 里面有雪花的球形玻璃器(装饰品)
so far 到目前为止

so... that 以便;致使
soap opera (电台或电视)连续剧
soccer ball 英式足球
some day 来日;将来某一日

some of 一些
sometime 于某时;在某一时间
somewhere 在某处;到某处
sound like 听起来像

space station 空间站;太空站
speech contest 讲演比赛
sports camp 运动野营
sports show 体育节目

*Spring Festival 春节
stand for 代表;表示
start with 以……开始
stay at home 呆在家里

stay away from 与...保持距离
stay healthy 保持健康
stay out late 在外面待到很晚
stay up 不去睡;熬夜

stressed out 紧张的;有压力的
study hard 学习努力
suffer from 受……之苦;受……之害
summer camp 夏令营
sweep the floor 清扫地板;扫地
swimming pool 游泳池

scrape through=擦过,勉强通过
see through=看透,看破
see to=负责,注意
send for=派人去请,召唤,索取
send in=呈报,提交,送来
serve as=作为,用作

serve right=活该;给应得的待遇
set about=开始,着手
set aside=挑出,拨出,留出;拒绝
set back=推迟,延缓,阻碍

set down=卸下,放下,记下,记入
set fire to=点燃
set forth=阐明,陈述
set free=释放

set off=出发,动射,引起,使发生
set out=陈列,显示;动身,起程;制定
set out to=打算,着手
set up=创立,建立,树立;资助,扶持
settle down=定居,过安定的生活

show in=领入
show off=炫耀,卖弄
show up=使吴现,使醒目
shut out=把...关在外面,使...不能进入

sick of=厌烦
sit for=参加
sit in=列席,旁听
sit up=迟睡,熬夜

so ...as to=结果是;如此...以至于
so far=迄今为止
so that=以便,为的是;结果是,以致
sooner or later=迟早,总有一天,早晚

speed up=加速
stand by=支持,帮助,站在一边;袖手旁观
stand for=代替,代表,意味着
stand out=突击,显眼

stand up=站起来,耐用
stand up for=为...辩护,维护
stand up to=勇敢地面对,坚决抵抗,经得起
start from scratch=从头做起,从零开始

step by step=逐步
step in=插入,介入
step up=左提高,加快,加紧
stick out=伸出,突出;坚持到底,继续
stick to=坚持,忠于,信守
such as=例如
sum up=总结,概括
....................................................................................
T
table manners 餐桌规矩;席间举止
table tennis 乒乓球
take a day off 放一天假
take a holiday 放假

take a photo 照相
take a shower 沐浴;洗澡
take a taxi 出租车
take a vacation 去度假
take a walk 散步

take after (在外貌、性格的方面)与(父母)相像
take an interest in 对…产生兴趣
take away 拿走;拿开
take care of 照看;照顾

take class 上课
take lessons 上课;听课
take notes 做笔记;做记录
take off 起飞
take out 取出

take part in 参加
take photos 照相
take place 发生
take pride in 对...感到自豪
take the subway 乘坐地铁
take walks 去散步

*talent show 才艺表演
talk about 谈论
talk show 谈话节目
telephone number 电话号码

*tennis racket 网球拍
thanks to 多亏了…;幸亏
thank-you note 感谢信
the art of giving 给予的艺术
the day after tomorrow 后天

*the Great Wall 长城
the more… , the more… 越… 越…
the other day 几天以前;前几天
*The Palace Museum 故宫
the same 一样

the same as 与……相同
*The United Kingdom 大不列颠及北爱尔兰联合王国
the United States 美国(简称 the US)
the USA =the United States of America 美国(缩略形式)

the whole day 一整天
*theme park 主题公园
these days 现在;目前
think about 考虑;思考

think of 考虑;认为
think of … as 认为……是……;把……当作……
think up 想出
thousands of 成千上万的

three and a half years 三年半
throw away 抛却;丢掉;扔掉
to be honest (作插入语)老实说;说实在的
to one's surprise 令某人惊奇的是...

too much 太多
too……to 太……而不能……
*tour guide 导游
travel abroad 出国旅行

travel to 去…(旅行)
try one's best 尽力做...
try to do 设法
turn down 调低声音
turn on 打开(电器)
...................................................................................
take ...for granted=认为...理所当然
take a chance=冒险一试
take advantage of=利用,趁...之机
take after=与...相像
take away=清除,清耗

take care of=照顾,照料;承担,处理,负责
take charge of=担任,负责
take delight in=以...为乐
take down=记下,写下

take effect=生效,起作用
take for=把...认为是,把...看成是
take in=接受,吸收;了解,理解;欺骗
take off=拿走,脱下;起飞

take on=呈现,具有,装出;接纳,承担,从事
take one's time=不急不忙,从容进行
take over=接管,接办
take pains=尽务,煞费苦心
take part in=参加

take place=发生,进行
take the place of=代替
take to=喜欢,亲近
take turns=轮流
take up=占去,占据;开始从事;拿起,接收
take...into account=考虑
talk back=回嘴,顶嘴

talk into=说服
thanks to=由于,幸亏
the moment (that)=一...就
the same as=与...一致,与...相同
think better of=重新价

think of ...as=把...看作是,以为...是
think over=仔细考虑...
throw away=扔掉,抛弃
throw/cast light on=使明白,阐明
to and fro=来来回回

to the point=切中要害,切题
touch on=关系到,涉及
touch up=润色,改进
trolley bus=电车=
try on=试穿

try out=试验
tune in (to)=调谐,收听
turn down=关小,调低;拒绝,搌斥
turn in=交出,上缴;转身进入,拐入

turn into=变成
turn off=关掉,断开;拐弯,叉开
turn on=接通,打开
turn out=制造,生产;结果是;驱逐,使离开

turn over=翻过来,翻倒;移交。转交
turn to=变成;求助于,借助于
turn up=开大,调大;出现,来到,发生
TV station 电视台
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U
UFO =Unidentified Flying Object 不明飞行物;飞碟
use up 用完;用光;耗尽
used to 过去经常;以前常常
under control=被控制住
up to=起来,从事于,忙于;直到;
up to date=最新式 (的) ,现代化的=地]
use up=用完,花完
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V
very mnch 非常
*video arcade 电子游戏中心
*video cassette 录象带
VIP = very important person 要人;贵宾
volleyball match 排球赛
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W
wait a minute 等一会儿
wait for 等候;等待
wait in line 排队等候
want ad 招聘广告,征求广告
wake up 醒来

watch TV 看电视
water park 水上公园
*water slide 水滑道
web site 网址

welcome party 迎新会
well known 出名的;众所周知的
what about …怎么样
what kind 什么种类(表示询问)
what time 几点;什么时候

win a prize 得奖
*win an award 获奖
work on 忙于
work out 结局;至最后;结果为
work with friends 和朋友一起学习

World Cup 世界杯足球赛
worry about 担心;忧虑
would like to 想要;愿意
write down 写下;记下

warm up=变热
wear off=逐渐消逝
wear out=用破/坏,磨损;耗尽,使精疲力尽
weep for=(为...)哭泣;(为...)流泪
weep over=(为...)哭泣;(为...)流泪

what about=(对于)...怎么样
what if=如果...将会怎样/即使...又有什么要紧
whether...or=是...还是,不管...还是
wipe out=擦去,除去,消灭,毁灭

with respect to=关于
with the exception of=除...之外
with the purpose of=为了
with/in regard to=对于;就...而论

word for word=逐字地
work out=解决/算出,制定/设计出,带来好结果
work up=引起,激起;逐渐上升,向上爬
worry about=忧虑
write off=报废,勾销,注销
..................................................................................
Y
*yard sale 庭院旧货出售;(在卖主家当场进行的)现场旧货出售
year(s) old …岁(年龄)

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